North Atlantic Oscillation sensitivity to the El Niño/Southern Oscillation polarity in a large-ensemble simulation
A large ensemble modeling experiment with the Melbourne University General Circulation Model is presented. Thirty 17-year-long independent simulations were performed. All integrations were forced by the same observed sea surface temperatures, obtained from the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project II. The simulations were analyzed to assess the sensitivity of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) to the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) polarity. The results show signals of the ENSO phases both in the mean strength of the NAO as well as in its internal variability. During the cold ENSO phase, the probability density function of the NAO index presents a small but positive mean value, whereas it is negative during the warm ENSO phase. Also, the NAO variability associated with each ENSO phase shows a different behavior: during the warm phase the probability density function of the NAO index presents a larger variance and suggests a bimodality, whereas no bimodality is suggested in the cold phase.
This work was sponsored by the Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT) under the project POCTI/ CTA/38326/2001.
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