Advertisement

Child's Nervous System

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 385–388 | Cite as

Is arachnoid cyst a static disease? A case report and literature review

  • Jeong-Wook Lim
  • Seung-Won ChoiEmail author
  • Shi-Hun Song
  • Hyon-Jo Kwon
  • Hyeon-Song Koh
  • Jin-Young Youm
Case Report
  • 116 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

The increasing use of intracranial imaging has led to more frequent diagnoses of arachnoid cysts (ACs). Although ACs are a frequent finding on neuroimaging in children, the prevalence and natural history of these cysts are not well defined. Most ACs may persist and remain asymptomatic throughout life and not require treatment. However, there have been some case reports of ACs that have become larger or smaller over time and, in rare cases, have even spontaneously resolved. It is the authors’ practice to recommend serial neuroimaging in patients with asymptomatic sylvian ACs and not offer surgery to patients without symptoms, even in those with a relatively large cyst.

Case report

The present article describes a case involving a 6-year-old boy with a large, asymptomatic AC in the left Sylvian fissure involving the temporo-frontal region, which resolved spontaneously during the 2-year follow-up period after initial diagnosis without any surgical intervention. Currently, at the 7-year follow-up, the patient has remained neurologically intact, attends school, and is symptom-free.

Conclusion

Clinicians should be mindful of the possibility of spontaneous regression when encountering patients with asymptomatic and/or incidentally diagnosed sylvian ACs.

Keywords

Arachnoid cyst Sylvian fissure Static disease Spontaneous resolution 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Al-Holou WN, Terman S, Kilburg C, Garton HJ, Muraszko KM, Maher CO (2013) Prevalence and natural history of arachnoid cysts in adults. J Neurosurg 118:222–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Becker T, Wagner M, Hofmann E, Warmuth-Metz M, Nadjmi M (1991) Do arachnoid cysts grow? A retrospective CT volumetric study. Neuroradiology 33:341–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cokluk C, Senel A, Celik F, Ergur H (2003) Spontaneous disappearance of two asymptomatic arachnoid cysts in two different locations. Minim Invasive Neurosurg 46:110–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Moon KS, Lee JK, Kim JH, Kim SH (2007) Spontaneous disappearance of a suprasellar arachnoid cyst: case report and review of the literature. Childs Nerv Syst 23:99–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Poirrier AL, Ngosso-Tetanye I, Mouchamps M, Misson JP (2004) Spontaneous arachnoid cyst rupture in a previously asymptomatic child: a case report. Eur J Paediatr Neurol 8:247–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Seizeur R, Forlodou P, Coustans M, Dam-Hieu P (2007) Spontaneous resolution of arachnoid cysts: review and features of an unusual case. Acta Neurochir 149:75–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Weber R, Voit T, Lumenta C, Lenard HG (1991) Spontaneous regression of a temporal arachnoid cyst. Childs Nerv Syst 7:414–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yamauchi T, Saeki N, Yamaura A (1999) Spontaneous disappearance of temporo-frontal arachnoid cyst in a child. Acta Neurochir 141:537–540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yuksel MO, Gurbuz MS, Senol M, Karaarslan N (2016) Spontaneous subdural haematoma developing secondary to arachnoid cyst rupture. J Clin Diagn Res 10:pd05–pd06Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Huang JH, Mei WZ, Chen Y, Chen JW, Lin ZX (2015) Analysis on clinical characteristics of intracranial arachnoid cysts in 488 pediatric cases. Int J Clin Exp Med 8:18343–18350Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Al-Holou WN, Yew AY, Boomsaad ZE, Garton HJ, Muraszko KM, Maher CO (2010) Prevalence and natural history of arachnoid cysts in children. J Neurosurg Pediatr 5:578–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lee JY, Kim JW, Phi JH, Kim SK, Cho BK, Wang KC (2012) Enlarging arachnoid cyst: a false alarm for infants. Childs Nerv Syst 28:1203–1211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mori T, Fujimoto M, Sakae K, Sakakibara T, Shin H, Yamaki T, Ueda S (1995) Disappearance of arachnoid cysts after head injury. Neurosurgery 36:938–941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yoshioka H, Kurisu K, Arita K, Eguchi K, Tominaga A, Mizoguchi N, Tajima T (1998) Spontaneous disappearance of a middle cranial fossa arachnoid cyst after suppurative meningitis. Surg Neurol 50:487–491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bristol RE, Albuquerque FC, McDougall C, Spetzler RF (2007) Arachnoid cysts: spontaneous resolution distinct from traumatic rupture. Case report. Neurosurg Focus 22:E2Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Beltramello A, Mazza C (1985) Spontaneous disappearance of a large middle fossa arachnoid cyst. Surg Neurol 24:181–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Inoue T, Matsushima T, Tashima S, Fukui M, Hasuo K (1987) Spontaneous disappearance of a middle fossa arachnoid cyst associated with subdural hematoma. Surg Neurol 28:447–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rakier A, Feinsod M (1995) Gradual resolution of an arachnoid cyst after spontaneous rupture into the subdural space. Case report. J Neurosurg 83:1085–1086CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wester K, Gilhus NE, Hugdahl K, Larsen JL (1991) Spontaneous disappearance of an arachnoid cyst in the middle intracranial fossa. Neurology 41:1524–1526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    van der Meche FG, Braakman R (1983) Arachnoid cysts in the middle cranial fossa: cause and treatment of progressive and non-progressive symptoms. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 46:1102–1107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dodd RL, Barnes PD, Huhn SL (2002) Spontaneous resolution of a prepontine arachnoid cyst. Case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg 37:152–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mokri B, Houser OW, Dinapoli RP (1994) Spontaneous resolution of arachnoid cysts. J Neuroimaging 4:165–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Nadi M, Nikolic A, Sabban D, Ahmad T (2017) Resolution of middle fossa arachnoid cyst after minor head trauma–stages of resolution on mri: case report and literature review. Pediatr Neurosurg 52:346–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Domenicucci M, Russo N, Giugni E, Pierallini A (2009) Relationship between supratentorial arachnoid cyst and chronic subdural hematoma: neuroradiological evidence and surgical treatment. J Neurosurg 110:1250–1255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mori K, Yamamoto T, Horinaka N, Maeda M (2002) Arachnoid cyst is a risk factor for chronic subdural hematoma in juveniles: twelve cases of chronic subdural hematoma associated with arachnoid cyst. J Neurotrauma 19:1017–1027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Parsch CS, Krauss J, Hofmann E, Meixensberger J, Roosen K (1997) Arachnoid cysts associated with subdural hematomas and hygromas: analysis of 16 cases, long-term follow-up, and review of the literature. Neurosurgery 40:483–490Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kaszuba MC, Tan LA, Moftakhar R, Kasliwal MK (2018) Nontraumatic subdural hematoma and intracystic hemorrhage associated with a middle fossa arachnoid cyst. Asian J Neurosurg 13:116–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Tamburrini G, Dal Fabbro M, Di Rocco C (2008) Sylvian fissure arachnoid cysts: a survey on their diagnostic workout and practical management. Childs Nerv Syst 24:593–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Di Rocco C (2010) Sylvian fissure arachnoid cysts: we do operate on them but should it be done? Childs Nerv Syst 26:173–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurosurgery, School of MedicineChungnam National UniversityDaejeonSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations