Sodium fluorescein–guided brain tumor surgery under the YELLOW-560-nm surgical microscope filter in pediatric age group: feasibility and preliminary results

  • Burcu GökerEmail author
  • Talat Kırış
Original Article



To evaluate the feasibility and safety of sodium fluorescein (Na-Fl)–guided surgery with the use of the PENTERO 900 surgical microscope (Carl Zeiss, Meditec, Oberkochen, Germany) equipped with the YELLOW-560-nm filter and low-dose Na-Fl (2 mg/kg) in pediatric brain tumor surgery.


The study included 23 pediatric patients with various intracranial pathologies, who underwent Na-Fl-guided surgery between April 2015 and February 2018. Clinical features, surgical observations, extent of resection, and tumor histopathology were retrospectively analyzed. The use of YELLOW-560-nm filter was found “helpful” if the discrimination of the pinkish brain tissue and bright yellow stained tumor tissue was clear. Otherwise, it was described as “not helpful.”


There were 11 female and 12 male patients with a mean age of 9.4 years. There were 7 brain stem/tectal plate gliomas, 6 supratentorial tumors, 4 intraventricular tumors, 2 pineal tumors, 2 infratentorial tumors, 1 clivus tumor, and 1 tumor with supra- and infratentorial extensions in the current series. Na-Fl was found helpful by means of the tumor demarcation in 20 instances (87%). In 11 of these 20 operations (55%), a total resection was achieved regardless of the tumor pathology. A subtotal resection was achieved in the remaining 9 patients (45%). No adverse events or side effects were encountered with regard to Na-Fl use.


Na-Fl guidance with the use of the YELLOW-560 filter is safe and effective during brain tumor surgery in pediatric age group.


Sodium fluorescein Surgical microscope YELLOW 560 Pediatric Brain tumor Fluorescence-guided surgery 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors report no conflict of interest concerning the materials or methods used in this study or the findings specified in this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryLiv Hospital UlusIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryIstinye University Medical FacultyIstanbulTurkey

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