Child's Nervous System

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 381–384 | Cite as

Segmental spinal dysgenesis: a report of early surgical intervention and outcome in a 14-month-old child

  • S. M. MorellEmail author
  • R. E. McCarthy
  • E. Ocal
Case Report


Segmental spinal dysgenesis is a rare spinal deformity that is the result of failure of formation resulting in some cases spondyloptosis and neurological dysfunction usually at the thoracolumbar junction. There is little known concerning surgical intervention and timing in these patients. The goal of this case report is to present a case involving 14 months old diagnosed with segmental spinal dysgenesis with stenosis at the thoracolumbar junction soon after birth, treated with definitive posterior spinal fusion and subsequent follow-up.


Segmental spinal dysgenesis Spinal deformity Thoracolumbar junction 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest pertaining to this case.


  1. 1.
    Bristol RE, Theodore N, Rekate HL (2007) Segmental spinal dysgenesis: report of four cases and proposed management strategy. Childs Nerv Syst 23(3):359–364CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Emmanouilidou M, Chondromatidou S, Arvaniti M, Goutsaridou F, Papapostolou P, Tsitouridis I (2008) Spinal segmental dysgenesis: presentation of a rare spinal congenital abnormality. Neuroradiol J 21(3):388–392CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Flynn JM, Otsuka NY, Emans JB, Hall JE, Hresko MT (1997) Segmental spinal dysgenesis: early neurologic deterioration and treatment. J Pediatr Orthop 17(1):100–104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hughes LO, McCarthy RE, Glasier CM. Segmental spinal dysgenesis: a report of three cases. J Pediatric Orthop. 1998;18(2):227–232.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ofiram E, Winter RB, Lonstein JE (2006) Segmental spinal dysgenesis: case report of a 50-year follow up after surgery at age 3 years: case report. Spine (Phila,PA 1976) 31(2):E59–E61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tanaka T, Uhthoff HK (1981) The pathogenesis of congenital vertebral malformations. Acta Orthop Scand 52:413–425CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zana E, Chalard F, Mazda K, Sebaq G (2005) An atypical case of segmental spinal dysgenesis. Pediatr Radiol 35(9):914–917CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arkansas Childrens HospitalLittle RockUSA

Personalised recommendations