Familial syndromes associated with intracranial tumours: a review
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- Ranger, A.M., Patel, Y.K., Chaudhary, N. et al. Childs Nerv Syst (2014) 30: 47. doi:10.1007/s00381-013-2309-z
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Most cancers of the central nervous system (CNS) occur sporadically in the absence of any known underlying familial disorder or multi-systemic syndrome. Several syndromes are associated with CNS malignancies, however, and their recognition has significant implications for patient management and prognosis. Patients with syndrome-associated CNS malignancies often have multiple tumours (either confined to one region or distributed throughout the body), with similar or different histology.
This review examines syndromes that are strongly associated with CNS cancers: the phakomatosis syndromes, familial syndromes such as Li–Fraumeni and familial polyposis syndromes and dyschondroplasia.