Child's Nervous System

, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 1803–1810 | Cite as

The pia mater: a comprehensive review of literature

  • Nimer Adeeb
  • Martin M. Mortazavi
  • Aman Deep
  • Christoph J. Griessenauer
  • Koichi Watanabe
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
  • Marios Loukas
  • R. Shane Tubbs
Review Paper



The pia mater has received less attention in the literature compared to the dura and arachnoid maters. However, its presence as a direct covering of the nervous system and direct relation to the blood vessels gives it a special importance in neurosurgery.


A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted to study all that we could find relating to the pia mater, including history, macro- and microanatomy, embryology, and a full description of the related structures.


The pia mater has an important anatomic position, rich history, complicated histology and embryology, and a significant contribution to a number of other structures that may stabilize and protect the nervous system.


Pia mater Denticulate ligament Filum terminale Linea splendens 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nimer Adeeb
    • 1
  • Martin M. Mortazavi
    • 1
  • Aman Deep
    • 2
  • Christoph J. Griessenauer
    • 1
  • Koichi Watanabe
    • 2
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
    • 2
  • Marios Loukas
    • 2
  • R. Shane Tubbs
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Neurological SurgeryUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Division of Neurological SurgeryThe Children’s Hospital of AlabamaBirminghamUSA

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