Child's Nervous System

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 17–33 | Cite as

The intracranial arachnoid mater

A comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, imaging, and pathology
  • Nimer Adeeb
  • Aman Deep
  • Christoph J. Griessenauer
  • Martin M. Mortazavi
  • Koichi Watanabe
  • Marios Loukas
  • R. Shane TubbsEmail author
  • Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol
Review Paper



The arachnoid mater is a delicate and avascular layer that lies in direct contact with the dura and is separated from the pia mater by the cerebrospinal fluid-filled subarachnoid space. The subarachnoid space is divided into cisterns named according to surrounding brain structures.


The medical literature on this meningeal layer was reviewed in regard to historical aspects, etymology, embryology, histology, and anatomy with special emphasis on the arachnoid cisterns. Cerebrospinal fluid dynamics are discussed along with a section devoted to arachnoid cysts.


Knowledge on the arachnoid mater and cerebrospinal fluid dynamics has evolved over time and is of great significance to the neurosurgeon in clinical practice.


Meninges Leptomeninges Arachnoid mater Intracranial Anatomy CSF Arachnoid cysts Arachnoid granulations Villi 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nimer Adeeb
    • 1
  • Aman Deep
    • 1
  • Christoph J. Griessenauer
    • 2
  • Martin M. Mortazavi
    • 2
  • Koichi Watanabe
    • 1
  • Marios Loukas
    • 3
  • R. Shane Tubbs
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol
    • 4
  1. 1.Pediatric NeurosurgeryChildren’s HospitalBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Division of NeurosurgeryUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  3. 3.Department of Anatomical SciencesSt. George’s UniversitySt. George’sGrenada
  4. 4.Goodman Campbell Brain and SpineIndiana University Department of Neurological SurgeryIndianapolisUSA

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