Child's Nervous System

, Volume 28, Issue 10, pp 1693–1700 | Cite as

The history of the surgical repair of spina bifida

  • Samuel G. McClugage
  • Koichi Watanabe
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
  • Marios Loukas
  • R. Shane Tubbs
  • W. Jerry Oakes
Review Paper



The history of surgical spina bifida repair has seen many successes and failures. Many early surgeons attempted treatment of open spina bifida defects before a clear understanding of the disease process or pathology had been discovered.


The attempts, while often fruitless, served to better our understanding of the disease and represent stepping-stones to the treatment we successfully use today. The present paper reviews the history of the surgical treatment of myelomeningoceles.


History Neurosurgery Children Spina bifida Myelomeningocele Repair 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel G. McClugage
    • 1
  • Koichi Watanabe
    • 1
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
    • 1
  • Marios Loukas
    • 1
  • R. Shane Tubbs
    • 1
  • W. Jerry Oakes
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric NeurosurgeryChildren’s HospitalBirminghamUSA

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