One-stage posterior focus debridement, fusion, and instrumentation in the surgical treatment of cervicothoracic spinal tuberculosis with kyphosis in children: a preliminary report
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To determine the efficacy and feasibility of surgical management of cervicothoracic tuberculosis accompanied by kyphosis in children by using one-stage posterior focus debridement, bone graft fusion, and instrumentation at a single institution.
Ten consecutive cases with cervicothoracic tuberculosis with kyphosis were treated with one-stage posterior focus debridement, bone graft fusion, and instrumentation. The mean follow-up was 36 months (range26–47 months). The kyphotic angle ranged from 35° to 62° before operation, 50.5° in average. The American Spinal Injury Association score system was used to evaluate the neurological deficits.
Spinal tuberculosis was completely cured in all ten patients. There was no recurrent tuberculous infection. The postoperative kyphotic angle was 10° to 22°, 17.5° in average, and there was no significant loss of the correction at the latest follow-up. Solid fusion was achieved in all cases. Neurological condition in all patients was improved after surgery.
One-stage posterior debridement, bone grafting, and instrumentation can be an effective treatment method of cervicothoracic spinal tuberculosis with kyphosis in children.
KeywordsChildren Cervicothoracic Spinal tuberculosis Posterior
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