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Child's Nervous System

, Volume 22, Issue 11, pp 1503–1506 | Cite as

Regression of white matter hypodensities with age in Aicardi–Goutierés syndrome: a case report

  • Sanjeev V. Kothare
  • Sona A. Pungavkar
  • Deepak P. Patkar
  • Nisha I. Sainani
  • Martand H. Naik
  • Sameeer Gadani
Case Report

Abstract

Background

Aicardi–Goutierés syndrome (AGS) is a severe and progressive familial encephalopathy that is characterized by acquired microcephaly, intracranial calcification, white matter lesions, and chronic lymphocytosis with elevated levels of interferon-α in the cerebrospinal fluid. Although the degree of calcification and the severity of brain atrophy are variable, typically, the brain lesions appear to progress on successive examinations.

Case report

We report a 7-year-old male patient who showed relative regression of white matter lesions with nonprogression of basal ganglia calcification and atrophy on follow-up magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography scans.

Results

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy findings were normal. This, to our knowledge, is the first case report, which describes relative regression of the white matter changes in AGS.

Keywords

Basal ganglia calcification CSF pleocytosis White matter hypodensities 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjeev V. Kothare
    • 1
  • Sona A. Pungavkar
    • 2
  • Deepak P. Patkar
    • 2
  • Nisha I. Sainani
    • 2
  • Martand H. Naik
    • 2
  • Sameeer Gadani
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of PediatricsDr. Balabhai Nanavati Hospital & Research CenterMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Division of Neuro-radiology, Department of RadiologyDr. Balabhai Nanavati Hospital & Research CenterMumbaiIndia

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