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Child's Nervous System

, Volume 22, Issue 10, pp 1225–1230 | Cite as

Nonfunctional abdominal complications of the distal catheter on the treatment of hydrocephalus: an inflammatory hypothesis?

Experience with six cases
  • Humberto Belem de Aquino
  • Edmur Franco Carelli
  • Antonio Guilherme Borges Neto
  • Carlos Umberto Pereira
Review Paper

Abstract

Introduction

The peritoneal cavity is the most common site of cerebrospinal fluid absorption in hydrocephalus treatment. Many distal catheter complications are the result of this type of treatment, and these have been extensively described in the neurosurgical literature.

Materials and methods

In our study, six cases of distal catheter migration with visceral perforation and/or extrusion are presented: three through the umbilicus, two through the scrotum, and one through the anus. An extensive review of the literature was performed.

Results

The studies of peritoneal dialysis models for the treatment of chronic renal failure patients provide important data about solute absorption in the peritoneal cavity and reactivity of the peritoneal membrane.

Conclusion

This model, when compared to distal catheter complications on a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt, presents similarities that could help understand the mechanism of the nonfunctional complications of the distal VP catheter (complication with functional shunt), providing valuable data to support an inflammatory mechanism.

Keywords

Hydrocephalus Ventriculoperitoneal shunt system Inflammation Abdominal complications Distal catheter Peritoneal dialysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Humberto Belem de Aquino
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Edmur Franco Carelli
    • 1
  • Antonio Guilherme Borges Neto
    • 1
  • Carlos Umberto Pereira
    • 3
  1. 1.Neurology Department and NeurosurgeryService of State University of Campinas (UNICAMP)Campinas CityBrazil
  2. 2.Neurosurgery Service of the Hospital Municipal Dr. José de Carvalho Florence,São José dos Campos CityBrazil
  3. 3.Neurosurgery Professor of Sergipe Federal UniversityAracaju CityBrazil
  4. 4.Rua Jaime SpinelliCaçapava CityBrazil

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