Sequential coronary bifurcation revascularization with the Xposition S™ self-apposing stent: a comparative fractal bench study
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Coronary bifurcation revascularization needs to take account of the diameter differential between vessels and to limit side-branch obstruction (SBO). The self-apposing properties of the Xposition S™ stent (STENTYS, France) seem interesting in this regard. The present experimental fractal bench study determined the best provisional stenting technique using Xposition S™. Three sequential strategies were compared (n = 5/group): implantation alone, side-branch inflation (SBI), and re-POT (initial proximal optimization technique (POT) + SBI + final POT). 2D- and 3D-OCT analyses and micro-CT scan were performed to quantify the main mechanical results at each step. Of the three groups, SBI and re-POT provided better final results than implantation alone in terms of residual SBO (respectively, 24.6 ± 5.6% and 24.8 ± 5.0% vs. 46.5 ± 10.3%, p < 0.05) and malapposition (respectively, 0.9 ± 0.6% and 0.8 ± 0.4% vs. 3.8 ± 1.9%, p < 0.05). Unlike SBI, the two POTs of the re-POT sequence did not improve the final result. SBI, alone or as part of re-POT, systematically led to one connector breakage, whereas implantation alone maintained complete stent integrity (p < 0.05). In Xposition S™ implantation, SBI should be systematic, but not post-dilatation specifically dedicated to bifurcation stenting (i.e., POTs). However, global post-dilatation is still mandatory to prevent stent underexpansion due to untreated stenosis.
Keywordsre-POT Proximal optimization technique Provisional stenting Nitinol stent
Proximal optimization technique
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no relevant relationships to disclose. STENTYS unconditionally provided all stents and a grant to finance the experiments.
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