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Impacts of the body size on the left atrial wall thickness and atrial fibrillation recurrence after catheter ablation

  • Yosuke NakataniEmail author
  • Tamotsu Sakamoto
  • Yoshiaki Yamaguchi
  • Yasushi Tsujino
  • Naoya Kataoka
  • Kunihiro Nishida
  • Koichi Mizumaki
  • Koichiro Kinugawa
Original Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

The increased body size correlates with the occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF); however, the impact of the body size on the AF recurrence after ablation remains unclear. We enrolled 283 AF patients (179 paroxysmal, 51 persistent, and 53 long-standing persistent) who received ablation and assessed the correlation between the body surface area (BSA) and the AF recurrence. Furthermore, we measured the left atrial wall thickness using computed tomography. During the 12-month follow-up period, the AF freedom rates for patients with paroxysmal AF, persistent AF, and long-standing persistent AF were 83%, 76%, and 77%, respectively. The left atrial dimension, BSA, and body mass index (BMI) were higher in the AF-recurrent group compared with the AF-free group (left atrial dimension: 44.1 ± 7.5 mm vs. 41.7 ± 6.5 mm, P = 0.019; BSA: 1.81 ± 0.20 m2 vs. 1.72 ± 0.19 m2, P = 0.002; BMI 25.0 ± 3.2 kg/m2 vs. 24.0 ± 3.2 kg/m2, P = 0.035). The multivariate analysis revealed that only the BSA was an independent predictor of the AF recurrence after ablation (hazard ratio 6.843; 95% confidence interval 1.523–30.759, P = 0.012). The BSA significantly correlated with the left atrial wall thickness (R = 0.306, P < 0.001), and the left atrial wall thickness was higher in the AF-recurrent group compared with the AF-free group (2.00 ± 0.20 mm vs. 1.87 ± 0.17 mm, P < 0.001). The large body size correlates with the AF recurrence after ablation, which could be attributed to an increase in the left atrial wall thickness.

Keywords

Atrial fibrillation Catheter ablation Body mass index Body surface area Pulmonary vein isolation 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None for all authors.

Supplementary material

380_2019_1357_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary file1 (DOCX 18 kb)
380_2019_1357_MOESM2_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary file2 (DOCX 18 kb)
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Supplementary file3 (TIF 1083 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yosuke Nakatani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tamotsu Sakamoto
    • 1
  • Yoshiaki Yamaguchi
    • 1
  • Yasushi Tsujino
    • 1
  • Naoya Kataoka
    • 1
  • Kunihiro Nishida
    • 2
  • Koichi Mizumaki
    • 3
  • Koichiro Kinugawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Second Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of ToyamaToyamaJapan
  2. 2.Nishida Medical ClinicToyamaJapan
  3. 3.Alpen Murotani ClinicToyamaJapan

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