Prevalence, implication, and determinants of worsening renal function after surgery for congenital heart disease
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Accumulating data in adults indicate the prognostic importance of worsening renal function (WRF) during treatment of acute heart failure. Venous congestion appears to play a dominant role in WRF; however, data regarding WRF in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are limited. The present study was conducted to elucidate the prevalence and characteristics of WRF after surgery for CHD in children. We also tested our hypothesis that, similar to adult heart failure, venous congestion is an important determinant of WRF independent of cardiac output in this population. Fifty-five consecutive pediatric patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery for CHD were studied (median age 0.7 years; range 3 days to 17 years). The degree of WRF was assessed by the difference between the maximum levels of postoperative serum creatinine (Cr) and preoperative serum Cr. There was a high prevalence of WRF in the present cohort: an increase in Cr level was observed in 47 patients (85 %) and a Cr increase ≥0.3 mg/dL was seen in 23 (42 %). Importantly, WRF was significantly associated with a worse clinical outcome of a longer stay in the intensive care unit and hospital (both p < 0.05), even after controlling for age and operative factors. In addition, multivariate regression analysis revealed that central venous pressure, rather than cardiac output, was an independent determinant of WRF. Postoperative management to relieve venous congestion may help ameliorate or prevent WRF and thereby improve outcomes in patients with CHD.
KeywordsCongenital heart disease Heart failure Renal function
We thank our colleagues at International Medical Center of our university who performed the surgery and provided intensive care of the patients.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
We have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
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