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Heart and Vessels

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 280–286 | Cite as

Steady-state B-type natriuretic peptide levels in patients with atrial fibrillation of various clinical backgrounds

  • Tsuneaki SadanagaEmail author
  • Hideo Mitamura
  • Shun Kohsaka
  • Satoshi Ogawa
Original Article

Abstract

B-type natriuretic peptide level is increased in patients with atrial fibrillation. The aim of the present study was to present the distribution of steady-state B-type natriuretic peptide levels of various clinical backgrounds and to elucidate the usefulness of measuring them in patients with atrial fibrillation. B-type natriuretic peptide was measured in stable conditions in patients with atrial fibrillation (74 ± 10 y/o, n = 473). The average B-type natriuretic peptide level was 161 ± 202 (median 101) pg/ml. Multiple regression analysis showed that age, left ventricular ejection fraction, left atrial diameter, structural heart disease, chronic atrial fibrillation, and heart failure symptoms were independently associated with elevated B-type natriuretic peptide levels. However, in chronic atrial fibrillation patients without structural heart disease, B-type natriuretic peptide levels did not differ between those with and without heart failure symptoms. Notably, B-type natriuretic peptide levels were high (≥150 pg/ml) in 41% of asymptomatic chronic atrial fibrillation without structural heart disease. Steady-state B-type natriuretic peptide levels of various clinical backgrounds were presented. Contributions of BNP elevation by clinical variables were somewhat different in different population. B-type natriuretic peptide was elevated in substantial percentage of asymptomatic chronic atrial fibrillation even without structural heart disease.

Keywords

B-type natriuretic peptide Atrial fibrillation Heart failure Structural heart disease 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsuneaki Sadanaga
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hideo Mitamura
    • 2
  • Shun Kohsaka
    • 3
  • Satoshi Ogawa
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of CardiologyUeki HospitalKumamotoJapan
  2. 2.Saiseikai Central HospitalTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Division of Cardiology, Department of MedicineKeio University School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  4. 4.International University of Health and Welfare, Mita HospitalTokyoJapan

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