Effects of drug-eluting stents on systemic inflammatory response in patients with unstable angina pectoris undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention
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- Ozer, N., Tangurek, B., Firat, F. et al. Heart Vessels (2008) 23: 75. doi:10.1007/s00380-007-1020-y
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Inflammatory markers are elevated in acute coronary syndromes, and are also known to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of neointimal proliferation and stent restenosis. Drug-eluting stents (DESs) have been shown to decrease stent restenosis in different studies. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of treatment with DESs on systemic inflammatory response in patients with unstable angina pectoris who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We compared plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), human tumor necrosis factor α (Hu TNF-α), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels after DES (dexamethasone-eluting stent [DEXES], and sirolimuseluting stent [SES]) implantation with levels after bare metal stent (BMS) implantation. We performed PCI with a single stent in 90 patients (62 men; 59 ± 9 years of age; n = 30 in the BMS group, n = 30 in the DEXES group, n = 30 in the SES group) who had acute coronary syndrome. Plasma hsCRP, Hu TNF-α, and IL-6 levels were determined before intervention and at 24 h, 48 h, and 1 week after PCI. The results were as follows. Plasma hsCRP levels at 48 h (11.19 ± 4.54, 6.43 ± 1.63 vs 6.23 ± 2.69 mg/l, P = 0.001) after stent implantation were significantly higher in the BMS group than in the DES group; this effect persisted for 7 days (P = 0.001). Plasma Hu TNF-α levels at each time point were higher in the SES group than in the BMS and DEXES groups (P < 0.05). The time course of Hu TNF-α values was similar in all groups. Although IL-6 levels at baseline and at 24 and 48 h showed no statistically significant difference between the study groups, postprocedural values at 7 days were slightly statistically significant in the SES group (P = 0.045). Drug-eluting stents showed significantly lower plasma hsCRP levels after PCI compared with BMSs. This may reflect the potent effects of DESs on acute inflammatory reactions induced by PCI.