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Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 36, Issue 9, pp 887–901 | Cite as

Recent Progress in Studies of the Variabilities and Mechanisms of the East Asian Monsoon in a Changing Climate

  • Wen ChenEmail author
  • Lin Wang
  • Juan Feng
  • Zhiping Wen
  • Tiaojiao Ma
  • Xiuqun Yang
  • Chenghai Wang
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. National Report to the IUGG Centennial by CNC-IAMAS (2011–2018)

Abstract

Located in a monsoon domain, East Asia suffers devastating natural hazards induced by anomalous monsoon behaviors. East Asian monsoon (EAM) research has traditionally been a high priority for the Chinese climate community and is particularly challenging in a changing climate where the global mean temperature has been rising. Recent advances in studies of the variabilities and mechanisms of the EAM are reviewed in this paper, focusing on the interannual to interdecadal time scales. Some new results have been achieved in understanding the behaviors of the EAM, such as the evolution of the East Asian summer monsoon (EASM), including both its onset and withdrawal over the South China Sea, the changes in the northern boundary activity of the EASM, or the transitional climate zone in East Asia, and the cycle of the EASM and the East Asian winter monsoon and their linkages. In addition, understanding of the mechanism of the EAM variability has improved in several aspects, including the impacts of different types of ENSO on the EAM, the impacts from the Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean, and the roles of mid- to high-latitude processes. Finally, some scientific issues regarding our understanding of the EAM are proposed for future investigation.

Key words

East Asian summer monsoon East Asian winter monsoon changing climate monsoon onset and withdrawal transitional climate zone different types of ENSO 

摘要

东亚地处季风区, 常常受到季风异常导致的自然灾害的影响. 因而东亚季风研究一直是中国气象界关注的重要科学问题, 尤其在全球平均温度持续升高的气候变化背景下, 对东亚季风的研究更具有挑战性. 本文回顾了有关东亚季风在年际至年代际时间尺度上的变异特征和机理的近期研究进展. 本世纪10年代取得了一些有助于我们更好的理解东亚季风变化特征的新成果. 比如: 东亚夏季风演变过程, 包括在南海的建立和撤退的变化;东亚夏季风北边界活动带或东亚气候过渡带的变化; 以及东亚夏季风与东亚冬季风的循环和二者之间关联的变化. 此外, 关于东亚季风变异的机理研究也有明显的进展, 包括不同类型ENSO事件对东亚季风的影响, 印度洋和大西洋对东亚季风的影响,以及中-高纬度大气过程在东亚季风变异中的作用. 本文最后还提出了今后在该领域一些需要进一步研究的科学问题.

关键词

东亚夏季风 东亚冬季风 气候变化 季风建立和撤退 气候过渡带 不同类型ENSO 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions, which led to significant improvements in the manuscript. This work was supported jointly by the National Key Research and Development Program (Grant No. 2016YFA0600604), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41721004), the Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences (Grant No. QYZDY-SSW-DQC024), and the Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Climate Change.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Atmospheric Physics/Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wen Chen
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lin Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Juan Feng
    • 1
  • Zhiping Wen
    • 3
  • Tiaojiao Ma
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiuqun Yang
    • 4
  • Chenghai Wang
    • 5
  1. 1.Center for Monsoon System Research, Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.College of Earth and Planetary SciencesUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic SciencesFudan UniversityShanghaiChina
  4. 4.School of Atmospheric SciencesNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  5. 5.College of Atmospheric SciencesLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina

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