Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 208–220 | Cite as

Evaluation of the tropical variability from the Beijing Climate Center’s real-time operational global Ocean Data Assimilation System

  • Wei Zhou
  • Mengyan Chen
  • Wei Zhuang
  • Fanghua Xu
  • Fei Zheng
  • Tongwen Wu
  • Xin Wang
Article

Abstract

The second-generation Global Ocean Data Assimilation System of the Beijing Climate Center (BCC GODAS2.0) has been run daily in a pre-operational mode. It spans the period 1990 to the present day. The goal of this paper is to introduce the main components and to evaluate BCC GODAS2.0 for the user community. BCC GODAS2.0 consists of an observational data preprocess, ocean data quality control system, a three-dimensional variational (3DVAR) data assimilation, and global ocean circulation model [Modular Ocean Model 4 (MOM4)]. MOM4 is driven by six-hourly fluxes from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction. Satellite altimetry data, SST, and in-situ temperature and salinity data are assimilated in real time. The monthly results from the BCC GODAS2.0 reanalysis are compared and assessed with observations for 1990–2011. The climatology of the mixed layer depth of BCC GODAS2.0 is generally in agreement with that ofWorld Ocean Atlas 2001. The modeled sea level variations in the tropical Pacific are consistent with observations from satellite altimetry on interannual to decadal time scales. Performances in predicting variations in the SST using BCC GODAS2.0 are evaluated. The standard deviation of the SST in BCC GODAS2.0 agrees well with observations in the tropical Pacific. BCC GODAS2.0 is able to capture the main features of El Ni˜no Modoki I and Modoki II, which have different impacts on rainfall in southern China. In addition, the relationships between the Indian Ocean and the two types of El Ni˜no Modoki are also reproduced.

Keywords

operational oceanography global ocean 3DVAR El Ni˜no interannual variability 

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Copyright information

© Chinese National Committee for International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Science Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Zhou
    • 1
  • Mengyan Chen
    • 2
  • Wei Zhuang
    • 2
  • Fanghua Xu
    • 3
  • Fei Zheng
    • 4
  • Tongwen Wu
    • 1
  • Xin Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory for Climate StudiesNational Climate Center, China Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Tropical OceanographySouth China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth System Modeling, and Center for Earth System ScienceTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.International Center for Climate and Environment ScienceInstitute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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