Advertisement

Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 319–329 | Cite as

Detecting the origins of moisture over southeast China: Seasonal variation and heavy rainfall

  • Xiuzhen Li
  • Wen ZhouEmail author
  • Yongqin David Chen
Article

Abstract

To examine the ability of the Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model to detect the origins and paths of moisture supplied to Southeast China, trajectories of air particles released over Southeast China were traced backward during 1 April 2012 to 31 March 2013 and three typical regional persistent heavy rainfall events. The HYSPLIT model provides more insightful information than water vapor flux. Analysis of the specific humidity along the trajectories revealed the origins of moisture and their contributions to the moisture supply in Southeast China. In the boreal summer half year, four key moisture transport paths from the eastern Indian Ocean, central Indian Ocean, South China Sea (SCS), and western North Pacific (WNP) contribute 10%, 20%, 31%, and 16% of the moisture to Southeast China, respectively. In the winter half year, the contributions of the paths from the WNP and North China double. Examination of heavy rainfall events showed that under tropical storm conditions, all moisture transport routines are rotated cyclonically before reaching Southeast China. The invasion of cold air can trigger heavy rainfall in both the summer and winter half years but plays different roles: it does not contribute to the moisture supply but plays a key role in converging and uplifting the moisture in the summer half year, while it supplies a great amount of moisture in the winter half year as it absorbs abundant moisture in crossing the WNP.

Key words

moisture origin Southeast China HYSPLIT seasonal variation heavy rainfall 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bao, M., 2007: The statistical analysis of the persistent heavy rain in the last 50 years over China and their backgrounds on the large scale circulation. Chinese J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 779–792. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. Bao, M., and R. H. Huang, 2006: Characteristics of the interdecadal variations of heavy rain over China in last 40 years. Chinese J. Atmos. Sci., 30, 1057–1067. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Brimelow, J. C., and G. W. Reuter, 2005: Transport of atmo spheric moisture during three extreme rainfall events over the Mackenzie River Basin. J. Hydrometeor., 6, 423–440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dee, D. P., and Coauthors, 2011: The ERA-Interim reanalysis: Configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137, 553–597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ding, Y. H., 1994: Monsoons over China. Kluwer Academic Publisher, 419 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Draxler, R. R., and G. D. Rolph, 2003: HYSPLIT-Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory Model. Silver Spring [Available online at http://wwwarlnoaagov/ready/ hysplit4html.]Google Scholar
  7. Eagleson, P. S., 1970: Dynamic Hydrology. McGraw-Hill, Inc, 462 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Fuhrmann, C. M., and C. E. Konrad II, 2013: A trajectory approach to analyzing the ingredients associated with heavy winter storms in central North Carolina.Wea. Forecasting,}} 28, 647–667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gaffney, S., 2004: Probabilistic curve-aligned clustering and prediction with mixture models. PhD dissertation, Department of Computer Science, University of California, Irvine, 281 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Gustafsson, M., D. Rayner, and D. L. Chen, 2010: Extreme rainfall events in southern Sweden: Where does the moisture come from? Tellus A, 62, 605–616.Google Scholar
  11. Jiang, Z. H., Z. R. Liang, Z. Y. Liu, and Y. L. Zhu, 2011: A diagnostic study of water vapor transport and budget during heavy precipitation over the Huaihe River basin in 2007. Chinese J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 361–372. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. Li, X. Z., W. Liang, and Z. P. Wen, 2010: Characteristics of the atmospheric water vapor and its relationship with rainfall in south China in northern autumn, winter and spring. Journal of Tropical Meteorology, 26, 626–632. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. Li, X. Z., Z. P.Wen, W. Zhou, and D. X.Wang, 2012: Atmospheric water vapor transport associated with two decadal rainfall shifts over East China. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 90, 587–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Qin, J., L. N. Pan, and L. Shi, 1991: Influences of the southern trough and strong cold air on the winter weather over Yunnan province. Meteorological Monthly, 17, 39–43. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. Stohl, A., and Coauthors, 2003: A backward modeling study of intercontinental pollution transport using aircraft measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 108(D12), ACH 8-1–18.Google Scholar
  16. Tao, S. Y., and Y. H. Ding, 1981: Observational evidence of the influence of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau on the occurrence of heavy rain and severe convective storms in China. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 62, 23–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tao, S. Y., and Coauthors, 1980: The Torrential Rain in China. Science Press, Beijing, 225 pp. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Trenberth, K. E., A. G. Dai, R. M. Rasmussen, and D. B. Parsons, 2003: The changing character of precipitation. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84(9), 1205–1216, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-84-9-1205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Xia, R. D., and S. X. Zhao, 2009: Diagnosis and modeling of meso-ß -scale systems of heavy rainfall in warm sector ahead of front in South China (middle part of Guangdong province) in June 2005. Chinese J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 468–488. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  20. Ye, C. Z., and J. Y. Li, 2011: A numerical study of the characteristics of strong moisture transport as a result of the interaction of tropical storm Bilis with the South China Sea monsoon. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 69(3), 496–507. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Zhang, H. D., and Q. Kong, 2007: Diagnostic analysis of severe tropical storm Bilis heavy rain event. Meteorological Monthly, 33(5), 42–48. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. Zhou, H. G., 2008: 3D structure of the heavy rainfall caused by Bilis (0604) with Doppler radar data. Chinese J. Atmos. Sci., 32(6), 1289–1308. (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Atmospheric Physics/Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Science Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, which permits any non-commercial use, sharing, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, and provide a link to the Creative Commons license. You do not have permission under this license to share adapted material derived from this article or parts of it.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this license, visit (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography and Resource ManagementThe Chinese University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.Guy Carpenter Asia–Pacific Climate Impact Centre, School of Energy and EnvironmentCity University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  3. 3.Department of Geography and Resource Management, and Institute of Environment, Energy and SustainabilityThe Chinese University of Hong KongHong KongChina

Personalised recommendations