Advertisement

Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 799–807 | Cite as

Monthly changes in the influence of the Arctic Oscillation on surface air temperature over China

  • Huang Jiayou  (黄嘉佑)Email author
  • Tan Benkui  (谭本馗)
  • Suo Lingling  (所玲玲)
  • Hu Yongyun  (胡永云)
Article

Abstract

Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR) is used to study monthly changes in the influence of the Arctic Oscillation (AO) on spring, summer and autumn air temperature over China with the January 500 hPa geopotential height data from 1951 to 2004 and monthly temperature data from January to November at 160 stations in China. Several AO indices have been defined with the 500-hPa geopotential data and the index defined as the first principal component of the normalized geopotential data is best to be used to study the influence of the AO on SAT (surface air temperature) in China. There are three modes through which the AO in winter influences SAT in China. The influence of the AO on SAT in China changes monthly and is stronger in spring and summer than in autumn. The main influenced regions are Northeast China and the Changjiang River drainage area.

Key words

arctic oscillation temperature field monthly changes partial least squares regression 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baldwin, M. P., and T. J. Dunkerton, 1999: Propagation of the Arctic Oscillation from the stratosphere to the troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 30937–30946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dickson, R. R., and Coauthors, 2000: The Arctic Ocean response to the North Atlantic Oscillation. J. Climate, 13, 2671–2696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Frank, I. E., and J. H. Friedman, 1993: A statistical view of some chemometrics regression tools. Technometrics, 35(2), 109–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gong, D. Y., and C. H. Ho, 2003: Arctic oscillation signals in the East Asian summer monsoon. J. Geophys. Res., 108(D2), ACL14, DOI: 10.1029/2002JD002193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gong, D. Y., and S. W. Wang, 2003: Influence of Arctic Oscillation on winter climate over China. J. Geophys. Res., 13, 208–216.Google Scholar
  6. Gong, D. Y., and C. H. Ho, 2004: Intra-seasonal variability of winter temperature over East Asia. International Journal of Climatology, 24(2), 131–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gong, D. Y., S. W. Wang, and J. H. Zhu, 2001: East Asian winter monsoon and Arctic Oscillation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2073–2076.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gong, D. Y., S. W. Wang, and J. H. Zhu, 2002: Significant relationship between spring AO and the summer rainfall along the Yangtze River. Chinese Science Bulletin, 7, 546–547.Google Scholar
  9. Gong, D. Y., S. W. Wang, and J. H. Zhu, 2004: Arctic Oscillation influence on daily temperature variance in winter over China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 49(6), 637–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hartmann, D. L, J. M. Wallace, V. Limpasuvan, D. W. J. Thompson, and J. R. Holton, 2000: Can ozone depletion and greenhouse warming interact to produce rapid climate change? Proc. National Academy of Sciences, 97, 1412–1417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hoerling, M. P., J. W. Hurrell, and T. Xu, 2001: Tropical origins for recent North Atlantic climate change. Science, 292, 90–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ju, J., J. Lu, J. Cao, and J. Ren, 2005: Possible impacts of the Arctic Oscillation on the interdecadal variation of summer monsoon rainfall in East Asia. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 22, 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Li, J., and J. X. L. Wang, 2003: A new North Atlantic Oscillation index and its variability. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 20, 661–676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rogers, J. C., 1990: Patterns of low-frequency monthly sea level pressure variability (1899–1986) and associated wave cyclone frequencies. J. Climate, 3, 1364–1379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Stone, M., and R. Brooks, 1990: Continuum regression: Cross-validated sequentially constructed prediction embracing ordinary least squares, partial least squares, and principal components regression. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (Series B), 52(2), 237–269.Google Scholar
  16. Thompson, D.W. J., and J. M. Wallace, 1998: The Arctic Oscillation signature in the wintertime geopotential height and temperature fields. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1297–1300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Thompson, D.W. J., M. P. Baldwin, and J. M. Wallace, 2002: Stratospheric connection to Northern Hemisphere wintertime weather: Implications for prediction. J. Climate, 15, 1421–1428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wallace, J. M., 2000: North Atlantic Oscillation/ Northern Hemisphere annular mode, one phenomenon, two paradigms. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 126, 791–805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wang, J., and M. Ikeda, 2000: Arctic Oscillation and Arctic Sea-Ice Oscillation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27(9), 1287–1290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wu, B. Y., and J. Wang, 2002a: Winter Arctic Oscillation, Siberian High and the East Asia winter monsoon. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(19), 1897–1900.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wu, B. Y., and J. Wang, 2002b: Possible impacts of winter Arctic Oscillation on Siberian High and the East Asia winter monsoon and sea-ice extent. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 19, 297–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huang Jiayou  (黄嘉佑)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tan Benkui  (谭本馗)
    • 1
  • Suo Lingling  (所玲玲)
    • 1
  • Hu Yongyun  (胡永云)
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric Sciences, School of PhysicsPeking UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations