Injection of pig slurry and its effects on dynamics of nitrogen and carbon in a loamy soil unter laboratory conditions
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Dynamics of nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) were investigated in a loamy soil amended or injected with pig slurry. Treatments were with or without acetylene C2H2 (which is assumed to inhibit reduction of nitrous oxide (N2O) to dinitrogen (N2), and soil cores were conditioned for 15 days at 25°C while pH, production of CO2 and N2O, ammonia (NH3) emission and (nitrate) (NO3–) and (ammonium) (NH4+) concentrations were monitored. There was no significant difference in CO2 production between the injected and surface applied pig slurry treatments, and within 15 days ca. 5% of the C applied had been mineralized, if no priming effect was assumed. Neither the production of N2O nor the total gaseous production of the denitrification process (N2O plus N2) were affected by the way the pig slurry was added to the soil. NH3 volatilization, however, decreased by 90% when pig slurry was injected. The addition of C2H2 significantly increased the CO2 production and the concentration of NH4+, but significantly decreased the concentration of NO3–. It was concluded that the injection of pig slurry to a dry soil was an acceptable alternative to its application to the soil surface, as not only was NH3 volatilization reduced, but the production of N2O and N2 through denitrification was not stimulated. It is also suggested that the composition of the organic C fraction in the pig slurry, most likely the concentration of fatty acids, had an important effect on the dynamics of N and C in the soil.
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