Biology and Fertility of Soils

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 62–66 | Cite as

Effects of Collembola on plant-pathogenic fungus interactions in simple experimental systems

  • M. A. Sabatini
  • Gloria Innocenti
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

 Take-all and brown foot rot, caused respectively by Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici and Fusarium culmorum, are two important components of the foot and root fungal disease complex of winter cereals world-wide. These fungi persist in soil and in crop debris in the same layer of agricultural soil as Collembola, a well represented taxon of soil animals. Previous in vitro tests showed that these fungi grown on agarised medium were readily consumed by springtails. In a simplified experimental system with wheat plants and the pathogenic fungi grown on millet and wheat kernels, the severity of disease was significantly reduced by collembolan feeding activity.

Keywords Onychiurus armatus Biocontrol Foot and root disease complex Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici Fusarium culmorum 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Sabatini
    • 1
  • Gloria Innocenti
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Biologia Animale, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Via Campi, 213/d; 41100, Modena, Italy e-mail: Sabatini@unimo.it Tel.: +49-59-2055550 Fax: +39-59-2055548IT
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Protezione e Valorizzazione Agroalimentare, Università di Bologna, Via Filippo Re, 8; 40126, Bologna, ItalyIT

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