Biology and Fertility of Soils

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 285–294 | Cite as

Arbuscular mycorrhizas modify tomato responses to soil zinc and phosphorus addition

  • Stephanie J. Watts-Williams
  • Timothy R. Cavagnaro
Original Paper

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizas (AM) play an important role in plant P and Zn nutrition; however, relatively few studies have directly investigated the interactive effects of these nutrients on plants. Therefore, we undertook a glasshouse experiment to study the effects of Zn and P on AM formation and functioning. A mycorrhiza defective tomato mutant (rmc) and its mycorrhizal wild-type progenitor (76R) were used in this experiment. Plants were grown in soil amended with five Zn concentrations, ranging from deficient to toxic, and two levels of P addition. The addition of Zn and P to the soil over a range of concentrations had profound effects on plant growth and nutrition and mycorrhizal colonization. Mycorrhizal benefits were the greatest when plants were grown under low soil P and Zn. Furthermore, the effect of soil Zn supply on plant growth, nutrition, and AM colonization was strongly influenced by the concentration of P in the soil. Thus, studies of AM and Zn (or other nutrients of interest) should take into account the impact of soil P concentration on the role of AM in plant Zn acquisition, under both deficient and toxic soil Zn concentrations.

Keywords

Arbuscular mycorrhizas (AM) Zinc Phosphorus Mycorrhiza defective tomato mutant (rmcSolanum lycopersicum (Tomato) 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephanie J. Watts-Williams
    • 1
  • Timothy R. Cavagnaro
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Australian Centre for BiodiversityMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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