Phosphate-solubilization activity of bacterial strains in soil and their effect on soybean growth under greenhouse conditions
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The efficiency of 13 phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB; four Burkholderia sp., five Enterobacter sp., and four Bradyrhizobium sp.) was assessed in a soil plate assay by evaluating soil phosphorus (P) availability. A commercial argentine strain, Pseudomonas fluorescens, was used for comparing solubilizing activity. Burkholderia sp. PER2F, Enterobacter sp. PER3G, and Bradyrhizobium sp. PER2H strains solubilized the largest quantities of P in the soil plate assay after 60 days as compared with the other strains, including the commercial one. The effect of PSB inoculation on growth and nutrient uptake of soybean plants was also studied under greenhouse conditions. Plants inoculated with Burkholderia sp. PER2F had the highest aerial height and showed an appropriate N/P ratio. However, none of the PSB increased P uptake by plants. This suggests that PSB inoculation does not necessarily improve P nutrition in soybean, nor was there any relationship between P availability in the soil plate assay and P content in the soybean shoot in the greenhouse. We concluded that the selection of efficient PSB strains as possible inoculation tools for P-deficient soils should focus on the integral interpretation of soil assays, greenhouse experiments, and field trials.
KeywordsPhosphate-solubilizing bacteria Phosphate availability Soil plate assay Soybean Burkholderia sp.
The authors are thankful to the Universidad Nacional del Sur for financial support of the research work through PGI N° 24/A112 and to the CONICET for providing a fellowship to Leticia A. Fernández. We also thank Celina Zabaloy for her helpful discussion and advice, Ana Zamponi for technical assistance, Silvia Bussetti and Normann Peineman for providing laboratory facilities and chemicals for studies.
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