Biology and Fertility of Soils

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 399–410 | Cite as

Evaluation of maturity of poultry manure compost by phospholipid fatty acids analysis

  • Kotaro Kato
  • Nobuaki Miura
  • Hiroyasu Tabuchi
  • Ichio Nioh
Original Paper

Abstract

To study the influence of the physical properties of compost feedstock on some characteristics associated with maturity, two types of compost were made from poultry manure, rice husk, and rice bran. The bulk density of one type (PMC) was always higher than that of another type (NMC) during composting. In the case of PMC, the change in temperature, decrease in NH4+, appearance of NO3, and increase in germination indices (GI) with Japanese Komatsuna (Brassica campestris cv. Osome) were all more delayed than in NMC. As the composting process progressed, the proportion of branched (iso-, anteiso-, 10Me-) and saturated phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) [BRANCHED FAMES (fatty acid methyl esters), biomarkers for gram-positive bacteria] gradually increased, then reached plateau. The high proportion of BRANCHED FAMES was maintained over a long storage period. The straight hydroxyl and saturated PLFAs (SOH-FAMES) initially increased, then disappeared with the progress of composting. The increase in BRANCHED FAMES and the decrease in SOH-FAMES were more delayed in PMC than NMC. The day on which the proportion of BRANCHED FAMES reached plateau and the proportion of SOH-FAMES dipped below 2 mol% coincided with the maturity stage based on the changes of physicochemical characteristics and GI. The composition of BRANCHED FAMES showed highly positive and negative correlation with GI and NH4+, respectively. In the case of SOH-FAMES, inverse correlations were observed. This indicates that the proportion of BRANCHED FAMES and/or SOH-FAMES can be used as a tool for evaluating the maturity of poultry manure compost.

Keywords

Compost maturity Phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) C/N ratio NH4+ and NO3 Germination indices 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kotaro Kato
    • 1
  • Nobuaki Miura
    • 1
  • Hiroyasu Tabuchi
    • 1
  • Ichio Nioh
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Agro-MicrobiologyShizuokaJapan

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