Graphs and Combinatorics

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 119–124

# A Note on the Cops and Robber Game on Graphs Embedded in Non-Orientable Surfaces

• Nancy E. Clarke
• Samuel Fiorini
• Gwenaël Joret
• Dirk Oliver Theis
Original Paper

## Abstract

We consider the two-player, complete information game of Cops and Robber played on undirected, finite, reflexive graphs. A number of cops and one robber are positioned on vertices and take turns in sliding along edges. The cops win if, after a move, a cop and the robber are on the same vertex. The minimum number of cops needed to catch the robber on a graph is called the cop number of that graph. Let c(g) be the supremum over all cop numbers of graphs embeddable in a closed orientable surface of genus g, and likewise $${\tilde c(g)}$$ for non-orientable surfaces. It is known (Andreae, 1986) that, for a fixed surface, the maximum over all cop numbers of graphs embeddable in this surface is finite. More precisely, Quilliot (1985) showed that c(g) ≤ 2g + 3, and Schröder (2001) sharpened this to $${c(g)\le \frac32g + 3}$$. In his paper, Andreae gave the bound $${\tilde c(g) \in O(g)}$$ with a weak constant, and posed the question whether a stronger bound can be obtained. Nowakowski & Schröder (1997) obtained $${\tilde c(g) \le 2g+1}$$. In this short note, we show $${\tilde c(g) \leq c(g-1)}$$, for any g ≥ 1. As a corollary, using Schröder’s results, we obtain the following: the maximum cop number of graphs embeddable in the projective plane is 3, the maximum cop number of graphs embeddable in the Klein Bottle is at most 4, $${\tilde c(3) \le 5}$$, and $${\tilde c(g) \le \frac32g + 3/2}$$ for all other g.

### Keywords

Games on graphs Cops and robber game Cop number Graphs on surfaces

### Mathematics subject Classification (2000)

05C99 05C10 91A43

## Authors and Affiliations

• Nancy E. Clarke
• 1
• Samuel Fiorini
• 1
• Gwenaël Joret
• 3
• Dirk Oliver Theis
• 4