The Visual Computer

, Volume 29, Issue 6–8, pp 473–480 | Cite as

Lit-Sphere extension for artistic rendering

Original Article


The Lit-Sphere model proposed by Sloan et al. (Proceedings of Graphics Interface 2001, pp. 143–150, 2001) is a method for emulating expressive artistic shading styles for 3D scenes. Assuming that artistic shading styles are described by view space normals, this model produces a variety of stylized shading scenes beyond traditional 3D lighting control. However, it is limited to the static lighting case: the shading effect is only dependent on the camera view. In addition, it cannot support small-scale brush stroke styles. In this paper, we propose a scheme to extend the Lit-Sphere model based on light space normals rather than view space normals. Owing to the light space representation, our shading model addresses the issues of the original Lit-Sphere approach, and allows artists to use a light source to obtain dynamic diffuse and specular shading. Then the shading appearance can be refined using stylization effects including highlight shape control, sub-lighting effects, and brush stroke styles. Our algorithms are easy to implement on GPU, so that our system allows interactive shading design.


Non-photorealistic rendering Stylized rendering Lit-Sphere 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OLM Digital, Inc./JST CRESTTokyoJapan
  2. 2.University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  3. 3.IMIKyushu University/JST CRESTFukuokaJapan

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