The Visual Computer

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 1157–1165 | Cite as

A realistic elastic rod model for real-time simulation of minimally invasive vascular interventions

  • Wen Tang
  • Pierre Lagadec
  • Derek Gould
  • Tao Ruan Wan
  • Jianhua Zhai
  • Thien How
Original Article


Simulating intrinsic deformation behaviors of guidewire and catheters for interventional radiology (IR) procedures, such as minimally invasive vascular interventions is a challenging task. Especially real-time simulations for interactive training systems require not only the accuracy of guidewire manipulations, but also the efficiency of computations. The insertion of guidewires and catheters is an essential task for IR procedures and the success of these procedures depends on the accurate navigation of guidewires in complex 3D blood vessel structures to a clinical target, whilst avoiding complications or mistakes of damaging vital tissues and blood vessel walls. In this paper, a novel elastic model for modeling guidewires is presented and evaluated. Our interactive guidewire simulator models the medical instrument as thin flexible elastic rods with arbitrary cross sections, treating the centerline as dynamic and the deformation as quasi-static. Constraints are used to enforce inextensibility of guidewires, providing an efficient computation for bending and twisting modes of the physically-based simulation model. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the new model with a number of simulation examples.


Surgical simulation and training Interventional radiology Physically-based computer animation Discrete elastic rod model Medical education 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wen Tang
    • 1
  • Pierre Lagadec
    • 1
  • Derek Gould
    • 2
  • Tao Ruan Wan
    • 3
  • Jianhua Zhai
    • 2
  • Thien How
    • 2
  1. 1.School of ComputingTeesside UniversityMiddlesbroughUK
  2. 2.Radiology DepartmentRoyal Liverpool University HospitalLiverpoolUK
  3. 3.School of Informatics and MediaBradford UniversityBradfordUK

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