The Visual Computer

, Volume 25, Issue 9, pp 835–842 | Cite as

A subject-specific software solution for the modeling and the visualization of muscles deformations

  • Xavier Maurice
  • Anders Sandholm
  • Nicolas PronostEmail author
  • Ronan Boulic
  • Daniel Thalmann
Original Article


Today, to create and to simulate a virtual anatomical version of a subject is useful in the decision process of surgical treatments. The muscular activity is one of the factors which can contribute to abnormal movements such as in spasticity or static contracture. In this paper, we propose a numerical solution, based on the Finite Element (FE) method, able to estimate muscles deformations during contraction. Organized around a finite element solver and a volumetric environment, this solution is made of all the modeling and simulation processes from the discretization of the studied domain to the visualization of the results. The choices of materials and properties of the FE model are also presented such as the hyperelasticity, the contention model based on inter-meshes neighboring nodes pairing, and the estimation of nodal forces based on the subject-specific muscular forces and action lines.


Muscle deformation Finite element modeling Anatomical human visualization 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xavier Maurice
    • 1
  • Anders Sandholm
    • 1
  • Nicolas Pronost
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ronan Boulic
    • 1
  • Daniel Thalmann
    • 1
  1. 1.École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne - VRLabLausanneSwitzerland

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