Evidence for Holocene centennial variability in sea ice cover based on IP25 biomarker reconstruction in the southern Kara Sea (Arctic Ocean)


DOI: 10.1007/s00367-017-0501-y

Cite this article as:
Hörner, T., Stein, R. & Fahl, K. Geo-Mar Lett (2017). doi:10.1007/s00367-017-0501-y


The Holocene is characterized by the late Holocene cooling trend as well as by internal short-term centennial fluctuations. Because Arctic sea ice acts as a significant component (amplifier) within the climate system, investigating its past long- and short-term variability and controlling processes is beneficial for future climate predictions. This study presents the first biomarker-based (IP25 and PIP25) sea ice reconstruction from the Kara Sea (core BP00-07/7), covering the last 8 ka. These biomarker proxies reflect conspicuous short-term sea ice variability during the last 6.5 ka that is identified unprecedentedly in the source region of Arctic sea ice by means of a direct sea ice indicator. Prominent peaks of extensive sea ice cover occurred at ~3, ~2, ~1.3 and ~0.3 ka. Spectral analysis of the IP25 record revealed ~400- and ~950-year cycles. These periodicities may be related to the Arctic/North Atlantic Oscillation, but probably also to internal climate system fluctuations. This demonstrates that sea ice belongs to a complex system that more likely depends on multiple internal forcing.

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
  • Transdrift, Grant-No. 03G0833B
Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research

    Copyright information

    © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

    Authors and Affiliations

    1. 1.Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine ResearchBremerhavenGermany

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