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Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 33, Issue 2–3, pp 117–127 | Cite as

Distribution and thickness of sedimentary facies in the coastal dune, beach and nearshore sedimentary system at Maspalomas, Canary Islands

  • Angela Fontán Bouzas
  • Javier Alcántara-Carrió
  • Isabel Montoya Montes
  • Andrés Barranco Ojeda
  • Silvia Albarracín
  • Jorge Rey Díaz de Rada
  • Jorge Rey Salgado
Original

Abstract

Numerous studies have shown that most beaches and coastal dune systems of the world are currently eroding but very few have investigated the combined sediment budgets of subaerial and nearshore submarine systems. In the case of the dune field of the Maspalomas Natural Special Reserve (in the south of Gran Canaria), the adjacent Maspalomas and El Inglés beaches and the adjacent submarine platform, the sediment budgets have been severely affected by erosion over the past few decades. The objectives of this study were to investigate the availability of sand within the modern sedimentary system, including the coastal dunes, the beaches and the submerged shelf, but also to assess local sediment sinks. An isopach map generated on the basis of topo-bathymetric data and seismic-reflection profiles revealed that sediment thickness varies from 0–22 m in the study area. Expanses of relatively low sediment thickness were identified in the south-western sector of the coastal dune field along Maspalomas beach, and in the nearshore region to the south of this beach. These localized sediment-deficit areas earmark Maspalomas beach as the most vulnerable shore strip threatened by erosion. The shallow seismic data also revealed that the submarine platform south of Maspalomas represents a marine terrace cut into an ancient alluvial fan, thus documenting an influence of the geomorphological heritage on the present-day morphodynamics. A side-scan sonar mosaic of this nearshore platform enabled the delimitation of areas covered by rock, boulders and gravel, vegetated sand patches and a mobile sand facies, the latter including ripple and megaripple fields. The megaripple field in a valley close to the talus of the marine terrace has been identified as a major sediment sink of the Maspalomas sedimentary system. It is fed by south-westerly storm-wave events. The sediment deficit in the coastal dune field and along Maspalomas beach can therefore only be explained by a currently faster loss of sediment to an offshore sink than can be compensated by the supply of sand from outside the system.

Keywords

Beach Coastal Dune Sand Ridge Dune Field Seismic Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are indebted to CIMA S.L. enterprise for the collaboration during the oceanographic survey and to André Pacheco from the University of Algarve for his participation in the fieldwork. This study is a contribution to the CTM2009-09479 research project and has been partially supported by the Cabildo Insular de Gran Canaria and the ACOPLAT internal project of the Universidad Católica de Valencia. Also gratefully acknowledged are constructive comments from I.D. Correa, an anonymous reviewer and the editors.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Fontán Bouzas
    • 1
  • Javier Alcántara-Carrió
    • 1
  • Isabel Montoya Montes
    • 2
  • Andrés Barranco Ojeda
    • 3
  • Silvia Albarracín
    • 1
  • Jorge Rey Díaz de Rada
    • 3
  • Jorge Rey Salgado
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental and Marine SciencesUniversidad Católica de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Biology and GeologyUniversidad Rey Juan CarlosMóstolesSpain
  3. 3.ESGEMARMálagaSpain

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