Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 32, Issue 5–6, pp 419–426 | Cite as

Raman spectroscopic and calorimetric observations on natural gas hydrates with cubic structures I and II obtained from Lake Baikal

  • Akihiro Hachikubo
  • Oleg Khlystov
  • Masato Kida
  • Hirotoshi Sakagami
  • Hirotsugu Minami
  • Satoshi Yamashita
  • Nobuo Takahashi
  • Hitoshi Shoji
  • Gennadiy Kalmychkov
  • Jeffrey Poort
Original

Abstract

This study reports measurements of the Raman spectra of Lake Baikal gas hydrates and estimations of the hydration number of methane-rich samples. The hydration number of gas hydrates retrieved from the southern Baikal Basin (crystallographic structure I) was approx. 6.1. Consistent with previous results, the Raman spectra of gas hydrates retrieved from the Kukuy K-2 mud volcano in the central Baikal Basin indicated the existence of crystallographic structures I and II. Measurements of the dissociation heat of Lake Baikal gas hydrates by calorimetry (from the decomposition of gas hydrates to gas and water), employing the hydration number, revealed values of 53.7–55.5 kJ mol–1 for the southern basin samples (structure I), and of 54.3–55.5 kJ mol–1 for the structure I hydrates and 62.8–64.2 kJ mol–1 for the structure II hydrates from the Kukuy K-2 mud volcano.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We greatly appreciate the assistance of the shipboard crews of RV G. Yu. Vereshchagin during the Lake Baikal expeditions. We are grateful to Prof. A.V. Egorov and an anonymous reviewer for their constructive comments. The Lake Baikal gas hydrates were imported under license of the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries according to the Plant Protection Act. This work was supported by funding agencies in Japan (Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 19550077, 21254006, 21360219, 22540485, and 23254008 from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science), the Flemish Fund for Scientific Research (FWO-Vlaanderen), the Bilateral Flemish–Russian Federation Project, and the Integration Project of RAS SB 27.

Supplementary material

367_2012_285_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (118 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 117 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akihiro Hachikubo
    • 1
  • Oleg Khlystov
    • 2
  • Masato Kida
    • 3
  • Hirotoshi Sakagami
    • 1
  • Hirotsugu Minami
    • 1
  • Satoshi Yamashita
    • 1
  • Nobuo Takahashi
    • 1
  • Hitoshi Shoji
    • 1
  • Gennadiy Kalmychkov
    • 4
  • Jeffrey Poort
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Kitami Institute of TechnologyKitamiJapan
  2. 2.Limnological Institute, SB RASIrkutskRussia
  3. 3.Methane Hydrate Research CenterNational Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)SapporoJapan
  4. 4.Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry, SB RASIrkutskRussia
  5. 5.Renard Centre of Marine GeologyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  6. 6.Institut des Sciences de la Terre de Paris (ISTeP)Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC Paris VI)Paris cedex 05France

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