Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 25, Issue 2–3, pp 153–166 | Cite as

Studying changes of ice coasts in the European Arctic

  • Aleksey I. SharovEmail author


The present extent of European ice coasts, their spatial changes in the past 50 years and the velocities of ice flow in marginal parts of tidewater glaciers were determined and mapped at a regional scale using space-borne image data, both optical and radar. The methods of satellite photogrammetry and radar interferometry provided efficient solutions to the integral estimation of ice-coast dynamics in the Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya and Svalbard archipelagos. Studies revealed significant degradation of the ice coasts (−7.7% by length) compared to the situation represented in the available maps. The results obtained in the laboratory were verified during several field campaigns.


Glacier Tongue Outlet Glacier Glacier Front Novaya Zemlya Archipelago Tidewater Glacier 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was carried out at the Institute of Digital Image Processing, Joanneum Research in Graz under the EC FP5 contract No. ICA-CT-2000-10028 (AMETHYST). ERS-1/2-(IN)SAR scenes were generously provided by ESA. Quick-looks of ASTER and LANDSAT-7 images were obtained from the USGS Global Visualization Viewer at Ms. P. Lemenkova from the Lomonosov Moscow State University assisted with cartographic drawing. Special thanks are addressed to Dr. V. Rachold from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Research Unit Potsdam, who encouraged me to submit this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Remote Sensing Group, Joanneum ResearchInstitute of Digital Image ProcessingGrazAustria

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