Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 25, Issue 2–3, pp 63–68 | Cite as

Arctic Coastal Dynamics (ACD): an introduction

  • Volker RacholdEmail author
  • Feliks E. Are
  • David E. Atkinson
  • Georgy Cherkashov
  • Steven M. Solomon

Background and rationale

The coastal zone is the interface through which land-ocean exchanges in the Arctic are mediated and it is the site of most of the human activity that occurs at high latitudes. Arctic coastlines are highly variable and their dynamics are a function of environmental forcing (wind, waves, sea-level changes, sea-ice, etc.), geology, permafrost and its ground-ice content and coastline morphometry. Environmental forcing initiates coastal processes, such as the sediment transport by waves, currents and sea-ice and the degradation of coastal permafrost. The coastal response (erosion or accretion) results in land and habitat loss or gain and thus affects biological and human systems. Figure  1schematically illustrates the major processes involved in Arctic coastal dynamics. Coastal processes in the Arctic are strongly controlled by Arctic-specific phenomena, i.e. the sea-ice cover and the existence of onshore and offshore permafrost. During the 7–9-month-long winter...


Coastal Erosion Coastal Change Arctic Coast Coastal Geology Coastal Classification 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Financial support through the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), the International Permafrost Association (IPA), the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT), the International Arctic Research Center (IARC), INTAS (International Association for the promotion of co-operation with scientists from the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union, project numbers 2001-2329 and 2001-2332), the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), the Russian Ministry for Science and Technology, the Russian Foundation for Basis Research and the US National Science Foundation (NSF) is greatly appreciated. Critical and constructive reviews by Michel Allard, Valery Astakhov, Andrew Cooper, Dmitry Bolshiyanov, Marc De Batist, Donald Forbes, Arnaud Hequette, Torre Jorgenson, Norbert Kaul, Mikhail Kholmyansky, Thomas Kumke, Magnus Larson, Marina Leibmann, Sathy Naidu, Yaroslav Neizvestnov, Frank Niessen, Wayne Pollard, Erk Reimnitz, Vladimir Stolbovoi, Andy Sherin, Rüdiger Stein, Bob Taylor, Jess Walker, John Walsh and nine anonymous reviewers significantly helped to improve the quality of this special issue. We are very grateful to Pier Paul Overduin for proofreading most of the manuscripts of this special issue.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Volker Rachold
    • 1
    Email author
  • Feliks E. Are
    • 2
  • David E. Atkinson
    • 3
  • Georgy Cherkashov
    • 4
  • Steven M. Solomon
    • 3
  1. 1.Research DepartmentAlfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine ResearchPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.Petersburg State University of Means of CommunicationsSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Geological Survey of Canada (Atlantic)Bedford Institute of OceanographyDartmouthCanada
  4. 4.Institute for Geology and Mineral Resources of the Ocean (VNIIOkeangeologia)St. PetersburgRussia

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