Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 23, Issue 3–4, pp 258–268 | Cite as

Mud and fluid migration in active mud volcanoes in Azerbaijan

  • S. PlankeEmail author
  • H. Svensen
  • M. Hovland
  • D. A. Banks
  • B. Jamtveit


Mud volcanic eruptions in Azerbaijan normally last for less than a few hours, and are characterized by vigorous extrusion of mud breccias, hydrocarbon gases, and waters. Recent fieldwork and mapping on four active mud volcanoes show that dormant period activity ranges from quiet to vigorous flow of mud and fluids. Geochemical analyses of expelled waters show a wide range in solute concentrations, suggesting the existence of a complex plumbing system. The mud and fluids have a deep origin, but are sometimes stored in intermediate-depth mud chambers. A mixing model between deep-seated saline waters and shallow meteoric water is proposed.


Azerbaijan Dormant Period Petroleum Migration South Caspian Basin Oilfield Brine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was partly financed by the Norwegian Research Council grant 120897 to B. Jamtveit/H. Svensen. We would like to thank Statoil for logistic assistance during fieldwork, and Achim Kopf for a constructive review.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Planke
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • H. Svensen
    • 2
  • M. Hovland
    • 3
  • D. A. Banks
    • 4
  • B. Jamtveit
    • 2
  1. 1.Volcanic Basin Petroleum Research (VBPR)OsloNorway
  2. 2.Physics of Geological ProcessesUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  3. 3.StatoilStavangerNorway
  4. 4.School of Earth SciencesUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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