Advertisement

Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 23, Issue 3–4, pp 289–299 | Cite as

Gas hydrate accumulation in the subsurface sediments of Lake Baikal (Eastern Siberia)

  • T. V. MatveevaEmail author
  • L. L. Mazurenko
  • V. A. Soloviev
  • J. Klerkx
  • V. V. Kaulio
  • E. M. Prasolov
Original

Abstract

Gas hydrate (GH) accumulation in subsurface sediments was discovered at shallow depth within the Malenkiy vent structure in the southern basin of Lake Baikal. The hydrated gas consists mainly of methane. Interstitial water chemistry indicates that water discharged within the study area is enriched with salts, especially Ca, Cl, and SO4 ions. The ascending water delivering gas into the GH stability zone is thought to be the main GH-forming fluid. Geochemical data together with noble gas isotopic ratios suggest that the GH in the subsurface sediments of Lake Baikal originated from a deep source of water with anomalous composition assumed to be derived from buried paleolakes. As a whole, the GH accumulation corresponds to the area of the Malenkiy structure and is represented by several small-scale GH occurrences coincident with local fluid discharge manifestations. It is filtrational in origin, related to fluid flow features and controlled by tectonic setting.

Keywords

Pore Water Subsurface Sediment Cold Seep Baikal Basin Standard Mean Ocean Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank A.F. Bobkov and V.A. Polyakov for analyses of water isotopic composition, and N.A. Lobkova for determination of GH gas composition. The authors would like to acknowledge the Scientific Party of the Baikal expedition-2000 for fruitful cooperation, and personally O. Khlystov (Irkutsk Limnological Institute SB RAS). The Russian Foundation for Basic Research has supported this work (projects 02-05-64346 and 02-0506321). We also wish to thank anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and suggestions.

References

  1. Bray CJ, Karig DE (1985) Porosity of sediments in accretionary prisms and some implications for dewatering processes. J Geophys Res 90:768–778Google Scholar
  2. Brooks YM, Kennicutt MC II, Fay RR, McDonald TY, Sassen R (1984) Thermogenic gas hydrates in the Gulf of Mexico. Science 225:409–411Google Scholar
  3. Brooks YM, Field ME, Kennicutt MC II (1991) Observation of gas hydrates in marine sediments, offshore northern California. Mar Geol 96:103–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chersky NV, Tsarev VP (1972) Features of helium accumulation within permafrost regions (in Russian). In: Geological structure, perspectives of gas and oil-bearing pool in Jakutsk ASSR. JF SO AN SSSR, pp 124–132Google Scholar
  5. Davidson DW, Leaist DG, Hesse R (1983) Oxygen-18 enrichments in the water of a clathrate hydrate. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 47:2293–2295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. De Batist M, Klerkx J, Van Rensbergen P, Vanneste M, Poort J, Golmshtock A, Kremlev A, Khlystov O, Krinitsky P (2002) Active hydrate destabilization in Lake Baikal, Siberia? Terra Nova 14(6):436–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dzyuba AA, Kulagina NV (2000) Relict salt lakes in the Selenga-river delta (in Russian). In: Proc 3rd Th. Vereschagin Conf Baikal Lake, Irkutsk, Russia, p 76Google Scholar
  8. Falkner KK, Chris I, Measures SEH, Edmond JM, Weiss RF (1991) The major and minor element geochemistry of Lake Baikal. Limnol Oceanogr 36(3):413–423Google Scholar
  9. Ferronskiy VI, Dubinchuk VT, Polyakov VA, Seletskiy YB, Kuptsov VM, Yakubovskiy AV (1975) Natural isotopes of hydrosphere. Nedra, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  10. Ginsburg GD, Soloviev VA (1998) Submarine gas hydrates. VNIIOkeangeologia, Saint-PetersburgGoogle Scholar
  11. Ginsburg GD, Soloviev VA, Cranston RE, Lorenson TD, Kvenvolden KA (1993) Gas hydrates from the continental slope, offshore Sakhalin Island, Okhotsk Sea. Geo-Mar Lett 13:41–48Google Scholar
  12. Golmshtock AJ, Duchkov AD, Hutchinson DR, Khanukaev SB, Elnikov AI (1997) Estimation of heat flow on Baikal from seismic data on the lower boundary of the gas hydrate layer. Russian Geol Geophys 38:1714–1727Google Scholar
  13. Golubev VA, Klerkx J, Kipfer R (1993) Heat flow, hydrothermal vents and static stability of discharging thermal water in Lake Baikal (south-eastern Siberia). Bull Centre Rech Elf Exploration Production 17:54–65Google Scholar
  14. Grachev AF, Drubetskoy EP, Martyunova MA, Prasolov EM, Dedenkov YN, Sukhanov AA (1982). First data on He isotopic composition in Baikal rift rocks and Baikal Lake water. In: Proc 9th USSR Symp Stable Isotopes in Geochemistry, Moscow, Russia, pp 114–116Google Scholar
  15. Granina LZ, Callender E, Lomonosov IS, Mats VD, Golobokova LP (2001) Anomalies in the composition of Baikal pore waters. Russian Geol Geophys 42(1/2):362–372Google Scholar
  16. Hovland M, Judd AG (1988) Seabed pockmarks and seepages. Impact on geology, biology, and the marine environment. Graham and Trotman, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Hutchinson DR, Lee MW, Agena WF, Golmshtock AJ, Moskalenko VN, Karapetov K, Coleman DF, Akentiev L (1992) Processing of Lake Baikal marine multichannel seismic reflection data. USGS Open-File Rep 93-201:1–24Google Scholar
  18. Kendall C, Coplen TB (1985) Multisample conversion of water to hydrogen by zinc for stable isotope determinations. Anal Chem 57:1437–1440Google Scholar
  19. Kuzmin MI, Karabanov EB, Kawai T, Williams D, Bychinskii VA, Kerber EV, Kravchinskii VA, Bezrukova EV, Prokopenko AA, Geletij VF, Kalmuchkov CV, Goreglyad AV, Antipin VS, Khomotova Mj, Soshina NM, Ivanov EV, Khursevich GK, Tkachenko LL, Solotchina EP, Ioshida N, Gvozdkov AN (2001) Deep drilling on Lake Baikal: main results. Russian Geol Geophys 42(1/2):8–35Google Scholar
  20. Moore TG, Klitgord KD, Golmshtock AJ, Weber E (1997) The Central and North Basins of Lake Baikal: the early phase of basin formation. Geol Soc Am Bull 9(6):746–766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Orange DL, Yun J, Maher N, Barry J, Greene G (2002) Tracking California seafloor seeps with bathymetry, backscatter and ROVs. Cont Shelf Res 22:2273–2290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ozima M, Podosek FA (1983) Noble gas geochemistry. Cambridge University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. Polyakov VA, Bobkov AF (1994) Reconstruction of the production mass spectrometer MI-1201 for precise measurement of hydrogen isotope composition (in Russian). Geol izuchenie nedr Moscow Geoinformmark 7/8:30–33Google Scholar
  24. Prasolov EM (1990) Isotope geochemistry and origin of the natural gases. Nedra, Saint-PetersburgGoogle Scholar
  25. Prasolov EM, Tokarev IV, Ginsburg GD, Soloviev VA, Eltsova GM (1999) Helium and other noble gases in gas-hydrate sediments of the Haakon Mosby Mud Volcano. Geo-Mar Lett 19:84–88Google Scholar
  26. Scholz CA, Klitgord KD, Hutchinson DR, ten Brink US, Zonenshain LP, Golmshtock AY, Moor TC (1993) Results of 1992 seismic reflection experiment in Lake Baikal. EOS Trans Am Geophys Union 74:465–470Google Scholar
  27. Sloan ED (1990) Clathrate hydrates of natural gases. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. Suess E, Torres ME, Bohrmann G, Collier RW, Rickert D, Goldfinger C, Linke P, Heuser A, Sahling H, Heeschen K, Jung C, Nakamura K, Greinert J, Pfannkuche O, Trehu A, Klinkhammer G, Whiticar MJ, Eisenhauer B, Teichert B, Elvert M (2001) Sea floor methane hydrates at Hydrate Ridge, Cascadia Margin. In: Natural gas hydrates: occurrence, distribution and detection. AGU Geophys Monogr, pp 87–98Google Scholar
  29. Tolstikhin IN (1986) Isotopic geochemistry of helium, argon, and rare gases (in Russian). Nauka, LeningradGoogle Scholar
  30. Vanneste M, De Batist M, Golmshtock A, Kremlev A, Versteeg W (2001) Multi-frequency seismic study of gas hydrate-bearing sediments in Lake Baikal, Siberia. Mar Geol 172:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Van Rensbergen P, De Batist M, Klerkx J, Hus R, Poort J, Vanneste M, Granin N, Khlystov O, Krinitsky P (2002) Sublacustrine mud volcanoes and cold seeps caused by dissociation of gas hydrate in Lake Baikal. Geology 30(7):631–634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zonenshain LP, Kazmin VG, Kuzmin MI (1992) New data on the Baikal rift geology: results of submarine geological observations. IPPCCE Newslett 6:10–20Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. V. Matveeva
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. L. Mazurenko
    • 1
  • V. A. Soloviev
    • 1
  • J. Klerkx
    • 2
  • V. V. Kaulio
    • 1
  • E. M. Prasolov
    • 1
  1. 1.All-Russian Research Institute for Geology and Mineral Resources of the Ocean (VNIIOkeangeologia)Saint-PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.International Bureau for Environmental Studies (IBES)BrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations