Optimum design of three-dimensional steel frames with prismatic and non-prismatic elements

  • A. KavehEmail author
  • M. Z. Kabir
  • M. Bohlool
Original Article


In the present article, optimal seismic design of three-dimensional steel frames is carried out. The frames are subjected to gravity and earthquake loadings and are designed according to the LRFD-AISC design criteria. Here, ordinary moment frames are considered having lateral resisting systems. Two types of frames consisting of prismatic frames and non-prismatic frames are optimized and results are compared. Stresses of the elements and drift of the stories are limited in accordance with the AISC-LRFD. Analysis of the frames is performed by utilizing the response spectrum analysis (RSA) method. Three metaheuristic algorithms are utilized for optimizing the example 1, and the most competent algorithm is identified, and the remaining examples are optimized using the identified algorithm. The results of the optimization show lower weight for the non-prismatic frames compared to their prismatic counterparts.


Prismatic Non-prismatic Optimal design Frame structures Metaheuristic algorithms 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Excellence for Fundamental Studies in Structural Engineering, School of Civil EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehran-16Iran
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringAmirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran

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