Engineering with Computers

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 597–615 | Cite as

Variable threshold-based hierarchical load balancing technique in Grid

Original Article


Load balancing is an important aspect of Grid resource scheduling. This paper attempts to address the issue of load balancing in a Grid, while maintaining the resource utilization and response time for dynamic and decentralized Grid environment. Here, to its optimum value, a hierarchical load balancing technique has been analysed based on variable threshold value. The load is divided into different categories, such as lightly loaded, under-lightly loaded, overloaded, and normally loaded. A threshold value, which can be found out using load deviation, is responsible for transferring the task and flow of workload information. In order to improve response time and to increase throughput of the Grid, a random policy has been introduced to reduce the resource allocation capacity. The proposed model has been rigorously examined over the GridSim simulator using various parameters, such as response time, resource allocation efficiency, etc. Experimental results prove the superiority of the proposed technique over existing techniques, such as without load balancing, load balancing in enhanced GridSim.


Grid computing GridSim Architecture Load balancing Workload Job migration Random 



This work has been carried out at Distributed and Grid Computing Lab, Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, Guna, M.P. The authors acknowledge the support provided. We would like to thank all anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions for improving the paper. We would like to thank Mr. Punit Pandey and Dr. Ashutosh Singh for helping in improving the language and expression of a preliminary version of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringJaypee University of Engineering and TechnologyGunaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringThapar UniversityPatialaIndia

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