Evidence for the short-term regulation of glycolytic flux in the isolated perfused ventricle of the land snail Helix lucorum (L.) after treatment with serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine)
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The glycolytic flux and the regulation of phosphofructokinase (PFK) activity by fructose 2,6-bisphosphate and covalent modification was investigated in isolated ventricles of land snail Helix lucorum perfused with or without serotonin. Serotonin evoked a significant increase in the level of glycolytic intermediates and a threefold increase of glycolytic flux. Studies of saturation curves of PFK for the substrate fructose 6-phosphate at pH similar to intracellular pH of heart muscle showed that serotonin increases enzyme sensitivity to activation by fructose 6-phosphate. Moreover, PFK preparations from ventricles perfused with serotonin exhibited lower Ka values for the activators AMP and fructose 2,6-bisphosphate, compared with the enzyme preparations from serotonin-untreated ventricles. The results suggest that PFK was converted to a more active form when exposed to serotonin. In vitro experiments of PFK phosphorylation showed that the conversion of the enzyme to a more active form was possibly due to its phosphorylation by an endogenous cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase. The concentration of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate increased in serotonin-treated ventricles and it exerted a synergistic effect with AMP on the activation of PFK. The bound fraction of glycolytic enzymes increased in the serotonin-treated ventricles only after the 4th min of perfusion. The results suggest that the stimulation of glycolytic flux in the ventricles of H. lucorum in the first minutes of perfusion with serotonin was partly due to the activation of PFK via enzyme molecule covalent modification and to increase of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate.
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