Vitellogenesis in spiders: first analysis of protein changes in different reproductive stages of Polybetes pythagoricus

  • S. Romero
  • A. Laino
  • F. Arrighetti
  • C. F. GarcíaEmail author
  • M. CunninghamEmail author
Original Paper


Vitellogenesis represents one of the most vital processes of oviparous species during which various proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids are synthesized and stored inside the developing oocytes. Through analyzing protein changes in the midgut diverticula, hemolymph, and ovaries of females throughout the different vitellogenic stages of the spider Polybetes pythagoricus, we determined the origin of the different proteins involved in the formation of lipovitellins (LVs) along with the existence of a linkage between the hemocyanin and this vital process. An increase in the total protein content of the midgut diverticula, hemolymph, and ovary occurred throughout vitellogenesis followed by a decrease in those levels after laying. The presence of hemocyanin in egg and in LV2, as well as its accumulation in the ovary throughout the vitellogenesis process, was determined. Considering that all biologic processes depend on the correct structure and function of proteins, this study establishes, for the first time for the Order Araneae, the coexistence of three different origins of vitellogenesis-related proteins: one predominantly ovarian involving peptides of 120, 75, 46, and 30 kDa; another extraovarian one originated from the midgut diverticula and represented by a 170 kDa peptide, and a third hemolymphatic one, represented by the 67 kDa peptide.


Spider Vitellogenesis Protein Hemocyanin Polybetes pythagoricus 



This work was supported by Grants from Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET-PIP no. 0515), Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (PICT no. 2014-2580), and UNLP Argentina (N794). L. A., A. F., G. F. and C. M. are members of CONICET, Argentina. R. S. is a CONICET scholarship fellow. The authors are grateful to Rosana del Cid for the review of the English, Mario Ramos for designing the figures, and the Laboratorio Nacional de Investigación y Servicios en Péptidos y Proteínas (LANAIS-PRO, Universidad de Buenos Aires CONICET) for the N-terminal sequence analyses. Dr. Donald F. Haggerty, a retired academic career investigator and native English speaker, edited the final version of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de la Plata Prof. Dr. Rodolfo R. Brenner (INIBIOLP), Fac. Cs. Médicas, CCT-La Plata CONICET-UNLPLa PlataArgentina
  2. 2.CONICET-Museo Argentino de Ciencias NaturalesCiudad Autónoma de Buenos AiresArgentina

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