Journal of Comparative Physiology B

, Volume 179, Issue 2, pp 155–164

Daily rhythmicity and hibernation in the Anatolian ground squirrel under natural and laboratory conditions

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00360-008-0298-0

Cite this article as:
Kart Gür, M., Refinetti, R. & Gür, H. J Comp Physiol B (2009) 179: 155. doi:10.1007/s00360-008-0298-0


We studied daily rhythmicity of body temperature (Tb) before and during hibernation in Anatolian ground squirrels (Spermophilus xanthoprymnus) under natural and laboratory conditions using surgically implanted temperature loggers. Under both conditions, robust daily Tb rhythmicity with parameters comparable to those of other ground squirrel species was observed before but not during hibernation. Euthermic animals had robust daily Tb rhythms with a mean of 37.0°C and a range of excursion of approximately 4°C. No Tb rhythm was detected during torpor bouts, either because Tb rhythmicity was absent or because the daily range of excursion was smaller than 0.2°C. The general patterns of hibernation that we observed in Anatolian ground squirrels were similar to those previously observed by other investigators in other species of ground squirrels.


Circadian rhythm Hibernation Body temperature Torpor Spermophilus xanthoprymnus 



body temperature

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mutlu Kart Gür
    • 1
  • Roberto Refinetti
    • 2
  • Hakan Gür
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Circadian Rhythm LaboratoryUniversity of South CarolinaWalterboroUSA

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