Stimulus-dependent oscillations and evoked potentials in chinchilla auditory cortex
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Besides the intensity and frequency of an auditory stimulus, the length of time that precedes the stimulation is an important factor that determines the magnitude of early evoked neural responses in the auditory cortex. Here we used chinchillas to demonstrate that the length of the silent period before the presentation of an auditory stimulus is a critical factor that modifies late oscillatory responses in the auditory cortex. We used tetrodes to record local-field potential (LFP) signals from the left auditory cortex of ten animals while they were stimulated with clicks, tones or noise bursts delivered at different rates and intensity levels. We found that the incidence of oscillatory activity in the auditory cortex of anesthetized chinchillas is dependent on the period of silence before stimulation and on the intensity of the auditory stimulus. In 62.5% of the recordings sites we found stimulus-related oscillations at around 8–20 Hz. Stimulus-induced oscillations were largest and consistent when stimuli were preceded by 5 s of silence and they were absent when preceded by less than 500 ms of silence. These results demonstrate that the period of silence preceding the stimulus presentation and the stimulus intensity are critical factors for the presence of these oscillations.
KeywordsAuditory cortex Chinchilla Oscillations Local field potential Tetrode
Local field potential
We thank Bethany Schneider, Fernando Ramirez and Carlos Hamamé for comments on a previous version of the manuscript and Fernando Vergara for technical assistance. This work was supported by FONDECYT 1020970, Iniciativa Científica Milenio ICM P01-007F, PhD Scholarship CONICYT to PHD and PG-42-2004. The experiments reported here comply with the “Principles of Animal Care” (publication No. 86-23, revised 1985 of the NIH) and also with the current Chilean laws (CBA #098 FMUCH).
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