Journal of Comparative Physiology A

, Volume 191, Issue 3, pp 197–199

Mechanisms of behavioral switching

Introduction

Abstract

No animal performs only one behavior, so nervous systems must have ways to switch between different behaviors. In this issue of Journal of Comparative Physiology A, several papers discuss how nervous systems achieve this ordered switching between behaviors, from short-term motor control problems, to medium-term decision making based on past experience, to long-term modulation and selection of overall behavioral strategies, such as dominance versus subordinance.

Keywords

Decision making Motor control Neuromodulation Neuroethology Switching 

References

  1. Cacciatore TW, Brodfuehrer PD, Gonzalez JE, Jiang T, Adams SR, Tsien RY, Kristan WB Jr, Kleinfeld D (1999) Identification of neuronal circuits by imaging electrical activity with FRET-based dyes. Neuron 23:449–459CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. DeNault LK, McFarlane DA (1994) Reciprocal altruism between male vampire bats, Desmondus rotundus. Anim Behav 49:855–856CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Esch T, Kristan WB Jr (2002) Decision-making in the leech nervous system. Integr Comp Biol 42:716–724Google Scholar
  4. Esch T, Mesce KA, Kristan WB Jr (2002) Evidence for sequential decision-making in the medicinal leech. J Neurosci 22: 11045–11054PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Hofmann HA (2003) Functional genomics of neural and behavioral plasticity. J Neurobiol 54:272–282CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Hofmann HA, Fernald RD (2001) What cichlids tell us about the social regulation of brain and behavior. J Aquariculture Aquat Sci 9:17–31Google Scholar
  7. Hofmann HA, Schildberger K (2001) Assessment of strength and willingness to fight during aggressive encounters in crickets. Anim Behav 62: 337–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hofmann HA, Stevenson PA (2000) Flight restores fight in crickets. Nature 403:613CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Huber R (2004) Amines and motivated behaviours: a simpler systems approach to complex behavioural phenomena. J Comp Physiol (in press)Google Scholar
  10. Krebs JR, Kacelnik A (1991) Decision-making. In: Krebs JR, Davies NB (eds) Behavioural ecology, 3rd edn. Blackwell, Oxford, pp 105–136Google Scholar
  11. McCoy AN, Platt ML (2004) Expectations and outcomes: decision-making in the primate brain. J Comp Physiol (in press)Google Scholar
  12. Ritzmann RE, Pollack AJ, Archinal AJ, Ridgel A, Quinn RD (2004) Descending control of body attitude in the cockroach, Blaberus discoidalis and its role in incline climbing. J Comp Physiol (in press)Google Scholar
  13. Shaw BK, Kristan WB Jr (1997) The neuronal basis of the behavioral choice between swimming and shortening in the leech: control is not selectively exercised at higher circuit levels. J Neurosci 17:786–795PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Stein PSG (2004) Movement, motor-pattern, and neuronal-network mechanisms for selection of turtle hindlimb behaviors. J Comp Physiol (in press)Google Scholar
  15. Summers CH, Forster GL, Korzan WJ, Watt MJ, Larson ET, Øverli Ø, Höglund E, Ronan PJ, Summers TR, Renner KJ, Greenberg N (2004) Dynamics and mechanics of social rank reversal. J Comp Physiol (in press)Google Scholar
  16. Taylor AL, Cottrell GW, Kleinfeld D, Kristan WB Jr (2003) Imaging reveals synaptic targets of a swim-terminating neuron in the leech CNS. J Neurosci 23:11402–11410PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Wilkinson GS (1984) Reciprocal food sharing in the vampire bat. Nature 308:181–184Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of Texas—Pan AmericanEdinburgUSA

Personalised recommendations