Punishment, reward, and cooperation in a framed field experiment
We report the results of a framed field experiment, in which we study the effectiveness of punishment and reward in sustaining cooperation in a social dilemma. Punishments tend to be directed at non-cooperators and rewards are assigned by those who are relatively cooperative. In contrast to the results typically found in laboratory experiments, however, we find that punishments and rewards fail to increase the average level of cooperation.
- Fershtman C, Gneezy U, List J (2008) Inequity, selfishness, and social norms. Working PaperGoogle Scholar
- Ledyard J (1995) Public goods: a survey of experimental eesearch. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
- Sethi R, Somanathan E (1996) The evolution of social norms in common property resource use. Am Econ Rev 86:766–788Google Scholar
- Stoop J, van Soest D, Vyrastekova J (2013) A tale of two carrots: the effectiveness of multiple reward stages in a common pool resource game. Working PaperGoogle Scholar