- First Online:
We study the districting problem from an axiomatic point of view in a framework with two parties, deterministic voter preferences and geographical constraints. The axioms are normatively motivated and reflect a notion of fairness to voters. Our main result is an “impossibility” theorem demonstrating that all anonymous districting rules are necessarily complex in the sense that they either use information beyond the mere number of districts won by the parties, or they violate an appealing consistency requirement according to which an acceptable districting rule should induce an acceptable districting of appropriate subregions.
KeywordsDistricting Gerrymandering Normative political analysis
- Balinski M, Young HP (2001) Fair representation. Meeting the ideal of one man, one vote, 2nd edn. Brookings Institution Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar