Social Choice and Welfare

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 575–599

Does income support increase abortions?

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00355-009-0380-x

Cite this article as:
Snarr, H.W. & Edwards, J.A. Soc Choice Welf (2009) 33: 575. doi:10.1007/s00355-009-0380-x


Currently, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs in 32 American states allow low-income childless pregnant single women (CPSW) to receive monthly cash assistance, while 28 states and the District of Columbia use lump-sum payments to divert low-income families from TANF. Past research has not investigated the possible consequences on abortions of these two welfare policies. We construct a theoretical model of low-income CPSW to investigate them. The results of the theory yields the following hypotheses: (1) diversion payments to low-income mothers lower abortion incidence; and (2) diversion payments and CPSW eligibility together raise abortion incidence. We use data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Abortion Surveillance, and a system GMM dynamic panel, two-way fixed-effects empirical model to test our hypotheses. Our empirical results provide statistically significant evidence for the first hypothesis, but not the second.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.North Carolina A &T State UniversityGreensboroUSA

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