Experiments in Fluids

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 47–56 | Cite as

Jet pinch-off and drop formation in immiscible liquid–liquid systems

  • D. R. Webster
  • E. K. Longmire


The behavior of glycerin–water jets flowing into immiscible ambients of Dow Corning 200 fluid was investigated using laser induced fluorescence (LIF). Undistorted images were obtained by matching the index of refraction of the fluids. A sinusoidal perturbation was superposed on the flow to phase lock the drop formation. The forcing frequency dramatically affected the size, spacing, and number of drops that formed within a forcing cycle and the angle between drops and the jet interface just before pinch-off. Two fluid combinations were studied with similar density ratios, but viscosity ratios differing by a factor of 20. The viscosity ratio affected the jet stability as well as pinch-off angles and drop size.


Viscosity Glycerin Refraction Density Ratio Viscosity Ratio 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. R. Webster
    • 1
  • E. K. Longmire
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0355, USA e-mail: dwebster@ce.gatech.eduUS
  2. 2.Department of Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USAUS

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