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Volume velocity in a canine larynx model using time-resolved tomographic particle image velocimetry

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In the classic source–filter theory, the source of sound is flow modulation. “Flow” is the flow rate (Q) and flow modulation is dQ/dt. Other investigators have argued, using theoretical, computational, and mechanical models of the larynx, that there are additional sources of sound. To determine the acoustic role of dQ/dt in a tissue model, Q needs to be accurately measured within a few millimeters of the glottal exit; however, no direct measures of Q currently exist. The goal of this study is to obtain this waveform in an excised canine larynx model using time-resolved tomographic particle image velocimetry. The flow rate data are captured simultaneously with acoustic measurements to determine relations with vocal characteristics. The results show that glottal waveform characteristics such as maximum flow declination rate are proportional to the subglottal pressure, fundamental frequency, and acoustic intensity. These findings are important as they use direct measurements of the volume flow at the glottal exit to validate some of the assumptions used in the source–filter theory. In addition, future work will address the accuracy of indirect clinical measurement techniques, such as the Rothenberg mask.

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This project was supported by NIH Grant no. R01 DC009435 from the National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.

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Correspondence to Charles Farbos de Luzan.

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Farbos de Luzan, C., Oren, L., Maddox, A. et al. Volume velocity in a canine larynx model using time-resolved tomographic particle image velocimetry. Exp Fluids 61, 63 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-020-2896-x

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