Effect of instantaneous stirring process on mixing between initially distant scalars in turbulent obstacle wakes
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A two-channel planar laser-induced fluorescence technique is used to study mixing and reactions between two initially distant scalars in the turbulent wake of a cylindrical obstacle. The scalars are released continuously and isokinetically upstream of the cylinder, with a lateral separation that initially impedes mixing between them. The effect of the turbulent wake on mixing and reaction enhancement is determined by measuring the segregation parameter for cases with and without the cylinder obstruction. Results indicate that scalar mixing and reaction rates (in the low-Damkohler limit) increase significantly in the presence of the cylinder wake. The study also shows that the dominant contribution of total reaction derives from the scalar covariance associated with instantaneous flow processes, and depends strongly on streamwise location within the wake. The results have broad implications for mixing processes in engineering and ecology.
KeywordsDistant Scalar Downstream Location Turbulent Wake Instantaneous Process Transverse Profile
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants No. 0849695 and 1205816.
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