Advertisement

Application of X-ray CT investigation of CO2–brine flow in porous media

  • Lanlan Jiang
  • Yu Liu
  • Yongchen Song
  • Mingjun Yang
  • Ziqiu Xue
  • Yuechao Zhao
  • Jiafei Zhao
  • Yi Zhang
  • Tetsuya Suekane
  • Zijian Shen
Research Article

Abstract

A clear understanding of two-phase flows in porous media is important for investigating CO2 geological storage. In this study, we conducted an experiment of CO2/brine flow process in porous media under sequestration conditions using X-ray CT technique. The flow properties of relative permeability, porosity heterogeneity, and CO2 saturation were observed in this experiment. The porous media was packed with glass beads having a diameter of 0.2 mm. The porosity distribution along the flow direction is heterogeneous owing to the diameter and shape of glass beads along the flow direction. There is a relationship between CO2 saturation and porosity distribution, which changes with different flow rates and fractional flows. The heterogeneity of the porous media influences the distribution of CO2; moreover, gravity, fractional flows, and flow rates influence CO2 distribution and saturation. The relative permeability curve was constructed using the steady-state method. The results agreed well with the relative permeability curve simulated using pore-network model.

Keywords

Relative Permeability Fractional Flow Relative Permeability Curve Berea Sandstone Deep Saline Aquifer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Thanks to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51106019), the National Program on Key Basic Research Project (973 Program) of China (Grant No. 2011CB707304). This work was also supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (DUT13LAB01).

References

  1. Akin S, Kovscek AR (2003) Computed tomography in petroleum engineering research. Geological society, Lodon, Special Publications, vol 215. pp 23-38. doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2003.215.01.03
  2. Ali J (1997) Developments in measurement and interpretation techniques in coreflood tests to determine relative permeabilities. Paper presented at the Latin American and Caribbean petroleum engineering conferenceGoogle Scholar
  3. Al-Raoush R, Willson C (2005) Extraction of physically realistic pore network properties from three-dimensional synchrotron X-ray microtomography images of unconsolidated porous media systems. J Hydrol 300(1):44–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berg S, Oedai S, Ott H (2013) Displacement and mass transfer between saturated and unsaturated CO2–brine systems in sandstone. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 12:478–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chalbaud C, Robin M, Lombard J, Martin F, Egermann P, Bertin H (2009) Interfacial tension measurements and wettability evaluation for geological CO2 storage. Adv Water Resour 32(1):98–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Davidson O, de Coninck H, Loos M, Meyer L (2005) IPCC special report on carbon dioxide capture and storage. Prepared by working group III of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  7. Dullien FA (1991) Porous media: fluid transport and pore structure. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Georgiadis A, Maitland G, Trusler JM, Bismarck A (2010) Interfacial tension measurements of the (H2O + CO2) system at elevated pressures and temperatures†. J Chem Eng Data 55(10):4168–4175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hassanizadeh SM, Gray WG (1993) Thermodynamic basis of capillary pressure in porous media. Water Resour Res 29(10):3389–3405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hesse M, Orr F, Tchelepi H (2008) Gravity currents with residual trapping. J Fluid Mech 611:35–60CrossRefMATHMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  11. Hirasaki GJ, Rohan JA, Dudley JW (1992) Modification of centrifuge and software for determination of relative permeability curves. Society of Petroleum Engineerings. SPE-25290-MSGoogle Scholar
  12. Kamath J, de Zabala E, Boyer R (1995) Water/oil relative permeability endpoints of intermediate-wet low-permeability rocks. SPE Form Eval 10(01):4–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Knackstedt MA, Sheppard AP, Sahimi M (2001) Pore network modelling of two-phase flow in porous rock: the effect of correlated heterogeneity. Adv Water Resour 24(3):257–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Krevor S, Pini R, Zuo L, Benson SM (2012) Relative permeability and trapping of CO2 and water in sandstone rocks at reservoir conditions. Water Resour Res 48(2):W02532. doi: 10.1029/2011WR010859
  15. Kuo C, Perrin J-C, Benson SM (2010) Effect of gravity, flow rate, and small scale heterogeneity on multiphase flow of CO2 and brine. SPE Western Regional Meeting, Anaheim, California, USAGoogle Scholar
  16. Kuo C, Perrin J-C, Benson SM (2011) Simulation studies of effect of flow rate and small scale heterogeneity on multiphase flow of CO2 and brine. Energy Procedia 4:4516–4523Google Scholar
  17. Lenormand R, Zarcone C, Sarr A (1983) Mechanisms of the displacement of one fluid by another in a network of capillary ducts. J Fluid Mech 135:337–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mees F, Swennen R, Van Geet M, Jacobs P (2003) Applications of X-ray computed tomography in the geosciences. Geol Soc Lond Spec Publ 215(1):1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Metz B (2005) Carbon dioxide capture and storage: special report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  20. Kuo C-w, Perrin J-C, Benson SM (2010) Effect of gravity flow rate and small scale heterogeneity on multiphase flow of CO2 and brine. Paper presented at the SPE Western Regional MeetingGoogle Scholar
  21. Perrin J-C, Benson S (2010) An experimental study on the influence of sub-core scale heterogeneities on CO2 distribution in reservoir rocks. Transp Porous Media 82(1):93–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Perrin J-C, Krause M, Kuo C-W, Miljkovic L, Charoba E, Benson SM (2009) Core-scale experimental study of relative permeability properties of CO2 and brine in reservoir rocks. Energy Procedia 1(1):3515–3522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pruess K, Garcia J (2002) Multiphase flow dynamics during CO2 disposal into saline aquifers. Environ Geol 42(2–3):282–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shi J-Q, Xue Z, Durucan S (2011) Supercritical CO2 core flooding and imbibition in Tako sandstone—influence of sub-core scale heterogeneity. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 5(1):75–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Suekane T, Kutsuna H, Hosokawa T, Matsumoto T, Kiyota M (2008) Visualization of micro-scale gas bubbles trapped in sandstones. Trans Jpn Soc Mech Eng B 74(748):2501–2507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Uemura S, Kataoka R, Fukabori D, Tsushima S, Hirai S (2011) Experiment on liquid and supercritical CO2 distribution using micro-focus X-ray CT for estimation of geological storage. Energy Procedia 4:5102–5107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Valvatne PH, Blunt MJ (2004) Predictive pore-scale modeling of two-phase flow in mixed wet media. Water Resour Res 40(7):W07406. doi: 10.1029/2003WR002627
  28. Virnovsky GA, Guo Y, Skjaeveland SM (1995) Relative permeability and capillay pressure concurrently determined from steady-state flow experiments. In: 8th European Sympposium on Improved Oil Recovery, Vienna, Austria. doi: 10.3997/2214-4609.201406916
  29. Zhou D, Fayers FJ, Orr FM Jr (1994). Scaling multiphase flow in simple heterogeneous porous media. SPE 27833, presented at SPE/DOE ninth symposium on enhanced oil recovery, Tulsa, April 17–20Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lanlan Jiang
    • 1
  • Yu Liu
    • 1
  • Yongchen Song
    • 1
  • Mingjun Yang
    • 1
  • Ziqiu Xue
    • 2
  • Yuechao Zhao
    • 1
  • Jiafei Zhao
    • 1
  • Yi Zhang
    • 1
  • Tetsuya Suekane
    • 3
  • Zijian Shen
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Ocean Energy Utilization and Energy Conservation of Ministry of EducationDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  2. 2.Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the EarthKizugawa CityJapan
  3. 3.Department of Energy SciencesTokyo Institute TechnologyNagatsuta, YokohamaJapan

Personalised recommendations